Home grammar What does 게 grammar mean in Korean?

What does 게 grammar mean in Korean?

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What does 게 grammar mean in Korean?
게 grammar

게 grammar is equivalent to (ly) in English. 게 is attached after the verb and an adjective stem. It plays the role of adverb (부사어) in a sentence. 게 is used to express the method of an action that follows.

Adj. + 게

게 is attached after adjectives to change the adjectives into adverbs. Whether there is 받침 or not 게 is used. It acts as -ly in English. For example- 행복하다 – 행복하게 happily, 바쁘다-바쁘게 Busily, 빠르다- 빠르게 Quickly, 크다 – 크게 Loudly.

  • 재미있게 노라요. Visit/ play joyfully.
  • 맛있게 먹어요/ 드세요. Eat deliciously.
  • 예쁘게 해 주세요. Make it beautifully.
  • 주스 차갑게 얼렸어요. I froze Juice. (coldly)
  • 비싸게 팔지 마세요. Don’t sell expensive. (Expensively)
  • 머리를 짧게 잘라주세요. Cut hair shortly/ short.
  • 글씨 좀 크게 써주세요. Please write down it bigger(largely)
  • 깨끗하게 청소 하세요. Clean it clearly.
  • 크 여자 예쁘게 생겼어요. That woman looks pretty
  • 무례하게 행동하지 마세요. Don’t act rudely, please.
  • 저는 가족을 중요하게 생각해요. I consider family importantly.

verb + 게

When 게 attached to the verb it gives a different meaning that is- so that, in order to. V-게 is interchangeable with V-도록. But there is a slight difference in meaning. V-게 is used to show the goal to do action and V-도록 shows the action to achieve the goal.

  • 오다 — 오도록 — 오게 (in order to come)
  • 가다 — 가도록 — 가게 (in order to go)
  • 먹다 — 먹도록 — 먹게 (in order to eat)
Base formBase form
짧다짧게적다적게
길다길게 빠르다 빠르게 
무겁다무겁게따뜻하다따뜻하게
가볍다가볍게싸다싸게
께끗하다께끗하게비싸다비싸게
어렵다어렵게작다작게
편하다편하게크다크게
쉽다쉽게가깝다가깝게
귀엽다귀엽게멀다멀게

게 하다 grammar

게 하다 means subject (someone or something) makes someone else or something else to do something (다른 사람에게 시키다). It has the meaning of exerting some kind of influence over someone or something else to make them do something. In the past tense it is 게 헸다, In the present tense, it is 게 하다, in the future tense, it is 게 할거예요. Let’s see an example-

Teacher told a student to study. 선생님이 학생에게 말합니다- 공부 해요/ 공부 하세요. (선생님 시켰어요). So it becomes 선생님이 학생에게 공부하게 해요.

내가 여친에게 요리하게 했어요. I made my GF. to cook food.

미용사가 머리를 예쁘게 해 줬어요. Beautician made my hair pretty.

엄마가 아들에게 운동하게 하셨어요. Mom made child to do exercise.

저는 제 여자친구를 행복하게 해 줬어요. I made my girlfriend happy.

간호사가 아이에게 우유를 먹게 했어요. Nurse made child to drink milk.

의사가 저한테 소주를 몾마시게 했어요. Doctor told/made me not to drink soju.

아내가 남편에게 술을 많이 몾 마시게 했어요. Wife made her husband not to drink much alcohol.

남자들이 밤에 몾 들어오게 해 주세요. Please make children not be able to enter the room.

엄마가 아이에게 라면을 몾 먹게 해요. Mom made child not to eat ramen/ noodle.

게 되다 grammar

Korean sentence ending 게 되다 means Became/Happened to do in Korean.게 되다 shows the change of events in the Korean language. In future tense, it is used as V + 게 될거예요. In the present tense, It is used as V + 게 되다 but in practice, it is used as V + 게 됐어요 (When some exercises have already done in the past to make this happen in present). Most of the time 게 되다 is used with a verb but sometimes it is used with adjectives also like 바쁘다 – 바쁘게 됐어요.

  • 이번 주부터 학원에서 공부하게 됐어요. I go to an institute (private educational institute) this week.
  • 공부를 열심히 공부하게 됐어요. I got to study hard.
  • 내년에 열심히 공부하게 됄거예요. I got to study hard next year.
  • 소주안 마셔는데 한국에 와서 마시게 됐어요. I didn’t drink soju (alcohol) but after coming to Korea I started drinking.
  • 일찍 일어나게 됐어요. I started to wake up early in the morning.
  • 오늘 새로운 여자를 만나게 됐어요. Today I got to meet a new girl.
  • 저는 한국에 가게 됐어요. I’m going to go to Korea.

하는게 grammar

하는 게” is derived from “하는 것+이( which is a subject marker)”, 하는 게 is used to say “doing something is…”. Lets see some examples-

  • 하는게 좋다 – Doing something is good.
  • 다른 아파트로 이사하는게 좋겠어요. Going to a new apart is a good idea.
  • 먹는게 좋아 I like eating
  • 지금 수영을 하는게 좋아요. Swimming now is good/better.
  • 집에 가는게 좋아요. Going home is better.
  • 파티에 가지 않는게 좋겠어요. Not going to a party is good.

ㄹ 게 grammar

(ㅇ)ㄹ 게요 is also a Korean sentence ending. It is also used as (ㅇ)ㄹ 거예요/ – (ㅇ)ㄹ 겁니다. This grammar pattern is used to show the will/ promises of a person in a future tense. Let’s see an example-

A: 같이 점심 먹으러 갈까요? Shall we go to have lunch together?

B: ‘지금은 바빠서 점심은 나중에 먹을게요.’ I’m busy now, so I’ll eat lunch later. 먼저 드세요. Please eat first.

제가 갈게요. I will go. (Speakers willing to go).

제가 편지를 보낼게요/ 보낼거예요. I will send a letter.

제가 읽을게요. I will study.

Learn more about (ㅇ)ㄹ 게요 from here.

게 grammar
게 grammar

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