Korean sentence endings with verb endings
There are many types of Korean sentence endings. Most of the time Korean sentence endings are verb endings because in the Korean language verb stays at the last of the sentence. There are 100s of verb endings in the Korean language. Here are some Korean sentence endings/ verb endings.
Korean verb endings
-(으)ㄹ까요? – Shall we ..?
-(으)ㅂ시다 – Let’s do ..
Adj+아/어지다 – To become/get …
Can ~ ㄹ/을 수 있어요. (갈수 있어요, 할수 있어요.)
Can’t ~ㄹ/을 수 없어요.(먹을수 없어요)
Command ~라 (가라, 먹어라)
Don’t do ~지 마(세요) (가지 마세요, 울지 마세요)
Good at something ~을/를 잘 해요.
If ~(으) 면 (웃으면, 해면)
it seems like / I think that ~ㄴ/는 것 같아요. (할 것 같아요, 공부한 것 같아요)
Let’s ~자 (가자, 하자, 먹자)
Make adjective into an adverb ~게 (행복하다 -> 향복하게, 공부하게 )
Must/ should / have to ~야 돼요 (자야 돼요, 해야 돼요)
Poor at something ~을/를 잘 못 해요.
Present progressive ~고 있어요. (울고 있어요, 사고 있어요)
Right? ~죠? (춥죠? 바쁘죠? 많죠? )
Shall we..? I wonder..? ~(으)ㄹ까요 (갈까요? 닫을까요? 드릴까요?)
Try ~ 봐 (가봐, 먹어봐)
V + 게 됐어요 – Happened to do
V + 겠어요 and V + (으)ㄹ 거예요 – Future Tense Ending
V + 고 있다 – V + ing
V + 아/어 보다 – To try doing …
V + 아/어 주다 – To do .. for someone
V + 아요/어요 or ㅂ니다/습니다 – Present tense verb ending
V + 았어요/었어요 – Past Tense Verb Ending
V+ (으)세요/십시오 – Please do.. / Making a Request
Want to ~고 싶어요.(자고 싶어요)
when the speaker is surprised about what they heard or saw 구나 is used.
는데요 ~ It gives the feeling of disagreement, expectation, or surprise in a sentence.
없다 – Not to have, To not exist
입니다, 이에요/예요 – Is/am/are
있다 – To have, To exist.
요 meaning and grammatical function
Normally Korean sentence has 요 endings in the present tense. It is a formal and respectful way to end a sentence. For example, you can say 먹어 and 먹어요 both. 먹어 is less respectful and 먹어요 is more respectful. 요 can be used in different situations of a sentence like it can be used in an interrogative sentence, imperative sentence, propositive sentence, exclamatory sentence and declarative sentence. Here are some examples-
Interrogative: 요즘 잘 지내고 있지요? How have you been?
Imperative: 책 좀 읽어요. Read some books.
Propositive: 우리 함께 가요. Let us go together.
Exclamatory: 민서가 노래를 굉장히 잘하더군요. Min-Seo was very good at singing.
Declarative: 준서는 축구를 잘해요. Jun-Seo is good at football.
Also, ‘요‘ can be put in the middle of a sentence to humble the speaker, or to convey friendliness or hesitation, since 요 can be spoken several times in the identical form in a single sentence, unlike auxiliary particles.
선생님요저는요 어제요 서울에요 갔어요. Sir, I went to Seoul yesterday.
It is also possible to omit – 요 while it is impossible for auxiliary particles.
날씨가 좋으면(요)언제든지(요) 소풍을 가셔야 해(요). If the weather is nice, at any time, you should go on a picnic.
Korean sentence endings
존재하다 – 신의 존재. the existence of God
하다 – 자원 봉사를 하자. Let’s do volunteer work.
공부하다 – 열심히 공부합시다. Let’s study hard.
보내다 – 죄수를 감옥에 보냈어요. The prisoner(convict) was sent to jail.
보내다 – 여름 방학을 잘 보내요. Have a good summer vacation.
사다 – 아내는 시장에 가서 쌀을 팔아서 과일을 샀어/ 샀어요. My wife went to the market and sold rice to buy fruit.
설명하다 – 어제 그 사건을 어떻게 나타났어 잘 설명 해봐. How did that incident happen yesterday explain it?
남다 – 예상보다 사람이 적게 와서 밥이 남았는데. There were fewer people than I expected, so the rice left.
움직이다 – 전원 스위치를 켰더니 기계가 움직이기 시작한다. When the power switch is turned on, the machine starts to move.
도와주다 – 네가 좀 도와 주어야겠네요. I need your assistance/ help.
느끼다 – 아기를 볼 때 사랑하는 마음이 느껴진다. When I see a baby, I feel loved.