**Korean numbers** and their usage

Korean numbers are counted in 2 different systems. 숫자 (Sutja) Korean number and 수사 (Susa) is numeral in the Korean language. First of all, let’s learn some Korean number related names or terms that are used for the calculation.

- Division is 나누기 in Korean
- Multiplication is 곱하기 in Korean
- Subtraction is 빼기 in Korean
- Plus is 더하기 in Korean

The first thing we need to know about **Korean Number** is that there is two numbering system in Korean. These two systems of numbering are the **Sino-Korean number (SKN) and the Native Korean number(NKN)**.

**Korean** **Counter**

These are** counting units or counting particles of korean language**. Korea has a unique system to count different things. Korean has given unique names to count different items.

- 월 month – 삼 개월 3 months
- 달 month – 세달 3 month
- 권 (gwon) 세 권, 네 권 – Books
- 병 (byung) 다섯 병, 여섯 병 – Bottles
- 살 (sal) 일곱 살, 여덟 살 – Age
- 켤레 (kyullae)Shoes & socks – 일곱 켤레, 여덟 켤레
- 가지(kaji) kinds, varieties, sorts – 몇 가지 Few types/ kinds
- 갑 (kap) pack (cigarettes), box
- 개 Ge (General physical items/ anything)
- 건 (geon) agenda items, assembly bills
- 곡 (gok) songs, music pieces
- 과 (gwa) lessons, chapters
- 군데 (gunde) places, institutions
- 권 (gwon) 책 (Chhek) – books
- 그루 (guru) 나무 (tress), rice plants, shrubs
- 그릇/공기/접시 food (vessel, bowl, dish)
- 끼/끼니 meal
- 년 (Nyeon) years
- 다발 (Dabal) bunch of flowers
- 단 (dan) bunches/ bundles (radishes, scallions, wood, fruit)
- 대 (De) 자동차 (cars), injections, vehicles, cars, aeroplanes and other machinery
- 대, 개비 tiny slender objects like cigarettes, matches etc
- 도 (do) degrees (temperature)
- 마디 (Madi) phrases, joints, and musical measures
- 마리 (mari) 세 마리, 네 마리 animals
- 매 (Me) sheets of paper (formal/written form)
- 명 (myeong) People in general (informal) 한 명, 두 명
- 모 (Mo) tofu, i.e. block, square, piece, cake
- 모금 (Mogum) a sip, a puff (water, cigarette)
- 문 (Mun) artillery piece
- 벌 (Beol) items of clothing, sets (chopsticks, dishes, documents, clothes, furniture, tools, cards)
- 병(pyeong) bottles of liquid 소주, 맥주
- 봉지 (bongji) paper bags
- 부 (Bu) newspaper, printed copies of thesis or report, volume (of a book and magazine)
- 분 (boon) (Respect/ formal word for people) 한분 one person, 두분 Two person, minute,이분 Two minute 분 servings of food
- 불, 전 dollars, cents
- 사람 people (informal)
- 상자 (sangja) box, chest
- 손 (swon) two fish (like mackerels)
- 송이 (Songi) 꽃, 바나나, 포도 (bunch) picked flowers, bunches of grapes, bunches of bananas
- 숟갈, 젓갈 a bite, a spoonful (of rice)
- 시 (si) hour (o’clock)
- 시간 (sigan) hour (duration)
- 쌍 (sang) a couple, a pair (animate things)
- 알 (Aal) eggs, pills, potatoes, candy
- 자루 (Jaru) things with long handles like shovels, swords, rifles, knives and pistol.
- 잔 (Jan) 커피, 차 (drinks) 다섯 잔, 여섯 잔 6 cups/ glass
- 장 (Jang) paper, sheets, leaf (flat objects such stamps, paper, tickets, etc.)
- 점 (Jeom) pieces of art
- 접 (Jeop) one hundred dried persimmons
- 접시 (Jeopsi) main dish
- 줄(chul) ten eggs
- 짝 (chaak) one of a pair (a single shoe, a lonely chopstick)
- 쪽 (chuk) small slice (apple, garlic)
- 채 (chhe) house/buildings
- 척 (chheok) boats and ships
- 첩 (chheop) pack of herbal medicine
- 초 (chho) second
- 층 (chhung) floors (layers)
- 컬레 (khalle) pair (gloves, socks, shoes)구두, 신발 (a pair of shoes)
- 코 (kho) twenty octopuses
- 타스 (Thasu) dozens of pencils
- 통 (Thong) letters, telegrams, e-mail, rolls of film, buckets of water, watermelons
- 판 (Phan) 양피자 (a whole pizza), thirty eggs/ 달걀 30개
- 편 (phyan)movies, poems, musicals
- 포기 (phogi) Chinese cabbages, 포기김치
- 푼 (phun) pennies, percentage, percent
- 필 (phil) one animal (head of cow, horse, etc), a roll of cloth
- 해 (he) years – 올해 this year
- 회 (hwe) – exercise, writings, repetitions, innings, rounds – (야구) inning.

**사물(Object) – 개**빵이 몇 개 있어요?

= 2개 있어요.

사과는 몇 개 있어요?

= 사과는 5개 있어요.

**나이(Age) – 살**나이가 몇 살이에요?

= 스무 살이에요.

**동물(Animal) – 마리**고양이가 몇 마리 있어요?

= 3 말이 있어요.

**사람(Person) – 명**가족이 몇 명 이에요?

= 10명 이에요.

**차(Car) – 대**버스가 몇대 있어요?

= 3대 있어요.

= 택시는 5대 있어요.

**책(Book) – 권**책이며 건 있어요?

= 22건 있어요.

**How to write numbers in Korean?**

We can write Korean numbers in two systems they are **sino-Korean number system **and **native Korean number system**. The **pronunciations** and usage of both systems are completely different. The symbol of the Korean number and English number is the same but when you write or speak the Korean language has 2 ways of the counting system. Let’s learn them one by one. Sino-Korean numbers system is based on Chinese characters. In this lesson, we will learn **Korean counting to 10**.

**sino-korean numbers**

there are 2 kinds/ sets of numbers in Korean society. One is sino Korean numbers and another is pure Korean numbers. Those numbers which are borrowed/ lended from Chinese numbers are called sino Korean numbers. Sino Korean number is accepted by korean people like their own number.

**Sino Korean numbers 1-10**

0 | 영/공 | YUNG / GONG |

1 | 일 | IL |

2 | 이 | EE |

3 | 삼 | SAM |

4 | 사 | SA |

5 | 오 | WO |

6 | 육 | YUK |

7 | 칠 | CHHIL |

8 | 팔 | FAL |

9 | 구 | GU |

10 | 십 | SIP/ SIB |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER**

Remember that sip is pronounced as “ship”. After 10 it is easy to count numbers. Take 1 from ‘sib'(10) + Sino Korean number (0 to 9)

**Now let’s continue from 11**

11 | 십일 | SIB IL |

12 | 십이 | SIB EE |

13 | 십삼 | SIB SAM |

14 | 십사 | SIB SA |

15 | 십오 | SIB WO |

16 | 십육 | SIB YUK |

17 | 십칠 | SIB CHHIL |

18 | 십팔 | SIB FAL |

19 | 십구 | SIB GU |

20 | 이십 | EE SIB |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER LIST**

**20 has two sets of Ten so it is written as ( 2+10 = 20 ) 이+ 십 = 이십. Similarly, 21 has two sets of ten and 1 so it is written as (2+10+1) 이 +십 +일 = 이십일**

21 | 이십일 | ISIB IL |

22 | 이십이 | ISIB EE |

23 | 이십삼 | ISIB SAM |

24 | 이십사 | ISIB SA |

25 | 이십오 | ISIB WO |

26 | 이십육 | ISIB YUK |

27 | 이십칠 | ISIB CHHIL |

28 | 이십팔 | ISIB FAL |

29 | 이십구 | ISIB GU |

30 | 삼십 | SAM SIB |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER LIST**

**30 has 3 sets of 10 so it is written/pronounced as 삼 – 십(sam sib). Similarly, 31 has three sets of ten and 1 so it is written as (3+10+1) 삼 +십 +일 = 삼십일**

31 | 삼십일 | SAM SIB IL |

32 | 삼십이 | SAM SIB EE |

33 | 삼십삼 | SAM SIB SAM |

34 | 삼십사 | SAM SIB SA |

35 | 삼십오 | SAM SIB WO |

36 | 삼십육 | SAM SIB YUK |

37 | 삼십칠 | SAM SIB CHHIL |

38 | 삼십팔 | SAM SIB FAL |

39 | 삼십구 | SAM SIB GU |

40 | 사십 | SA SIB |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER LIST**

**Up to 99, the same rule applies. Just take first number from 30,40,50,60,70,80,90 and add any Sino- Korean number from 1 – 9 ( 일 -구 ).**

41 | 사 십일 | SA SIB IL |

42 | 사 십이 | SA SIB EE |

43 | 사 십삼 | SA SIB SAM |

44 | 사 십사 | SA SIB SA |

45 | 사 십오 | SA SIB WO |

46 | 사 십육 | SA SIB YUK |

47 | 사 십칠 | SA SIB CHHIL |

48 | 사 십팔 | SA SIB FAL |

49 | 사 십구 | SA SIB GU |

50 | 오 십 | WO SIB |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER LIST**

51 | 오 십일 | WO SIB IL |

52 | 오 십이 | WO SIB EE |

53 | 오 십삼 | WO SIB SAM |

54 | 오 십사 | WO SIB SA |

55 | 오 십오 | WO SIB WO |

56 | 오 십육 | WO SIB YUK |

57 | 오 십칠 | WO SIB CHHIL |

58 | 오 십팔 | WO SIB FAL |

59 | 오 십구 | WO SIB GU |

60 | 육 십 | YUK SIB |

66 | 육십육 | Yuk-Sip-yuk |

70 | 칠십 | Chil-Sip |

77 | 칠십칠 | Chhil-Sip-Chhil |

80 | 팔십 | Pal-Sip |

88 | 팔십팔 | Pal-Sip-pal |

90 | 구십 | Gu-Sip |

99 | 구십구 | Gu-Sip-Gu |

100 | 백 | Baek |

101 | 백일 | Baek il |

**SINO KOREAN NUMBER LIST**

- After 100 백 the same rule applies that was applied after number 10. For example, 101 is 100+1 so it is written as 백일
- 110 is 100+10 so it is written as 백십
- 120 is 100+20 so it is written as 백이십
- 130 is 100+30 so it is written as 백삼십
- 200 has two sets of hundred so it is 이백
- 300 has 3 sets of hundred so it is 삼백
- 999 is written as 구백구십구
- 1000 is 천
- 1,110 = 천백십 not 일천백십 ( because for large numbers normally 1 / 일 is removed.)
- 10,000 is 만 -mahn
- 100,000 is 십만 – ship mahn
- 1,000,000 is 백만 – bek mahn
- 10,000,000 is 천만 – chhun mahn
- 100,000,000 is 억 – uck
- 1,000,000,000 is 십억 – ship uck
- 1,000,000,000 is 조 – joh

110 | 백십 |

220 | 이백 이십 |

330 | 삼백 삼십 |

440 | 사백 사십 |

550 | 오백 오십 |

660 | 육백 육십 |

770 | 칠백 칠십 |

880 | 팔백 팔십 |

990 | 구백 구십 |

1000 | 천 |

**KOREAN NUMBERS IN WORDS**

**When to use Sino Korean number?**

Sino Korean number system is the Korean numbers that are originated from Chinese numbers and Sino Korean numbers are used for –

**Phone numbers** 01044294220 is 공 일 공 사 사 이 구 사 이 이 공. While saying zero people normally say 공 instead of 영. Sometimes phone numbers are also used in the Native number system. **South Korean emergency Numbers are**

- 119 일 일 구. which is used to contact fire station or Medical.
- 112 is used to report crime and contact police
- 120 is to Provide information for foreign residents to adjust life in Seoul.

**counting money in Korean (Price value/money)** -Let’s learn Korean money counting system and how to count money in Korean?

- 20 won is 이십 원
- 100 won is 백 원
- 1000 won is 천 원
- 10000 won is 만 원
- 100000 won is 십만 원
- 1000000 won is 백만 원
- 10000000 won is 천 만원

**Number of floors**

The second floor is 이 충 the third floor is 삼 충The fourth floor – Normally there is no fourth floor in Korea because Number 4 is considered a bad or unlucky number. The fifth floor is 오 충

- The second floor is 이 충
- The third floor is 삼 충
- The fourth floor – Normally there is no fourth floor in Korea because Number 4 is considered as bad or unlucky number.
- The fifth floor is 오 충

**Date** -Now let’s learn **how to write the date in Korean?**….년,..월,..일

- Five years -오 년
- ten years – 십 년
- Two month – 이 월
- seven month – 칠 월
- ten days – 십 일
- five days – 오 일

**Time (minute and second****) – ..분,..초** (Remember hour is not used in the Sino Korean numbering system, Hour is used only in the Native Korean numbering system.)

- 10 minutes – 십 분
- 20 minutes – 이십 분
- 30 minutes – 삼십 분 / 반
- 55 minutes – 오십 오 분
- 5 seconds – 오 초
- 15 seconds – 십 오 초
- 25 seconds – 이십 오 초
- 45 seconds – 사십 오 초

**Temperature –**

- 30 degree is 삼십 도
- 45 degree is 사십 오 도
- 55 degree is 오 십 오 도

**Address **-Road Number 54 is 오십사 길, sinju gil 50 is – 신추길 오십

**100+ numbers –**

- One Hundred four/ 104 is 백 사
- One hundred twenty/120 is 백 이십
- Two hundred is – 이 백
- Three hundred is – 삼 백
- nine hundred nine is – 구백 구

**Transportation (Bus/subway numbers) –**

- 102 number bus is 백이 번 버스
- 4 호선 is line number 4 (Train line)
- 714 열차 is train number 714
- 2 호 차 is car number 2(train car number)

**Flight numbers** -KE121 is KE 백이십일

**Measurements**

- 5 meter is 오 미터
- 9 mile – 구 마일
- 10 Gallon – 삼 갤런

**weight** – 90 kg is 구십 기로, 68 kg is 육십팔

**Age ****30 years – 삼십 살, 29 years is 이십구 살 (Some Koreans use sino Korean system for telling age – ..세 /..살)**

**Native Korean numbers**

As we studied earlier there are two sets of Korean numbers: the native Korean system and the Sino Korean system. In this article, we are going to study about the Native numerical system. Mainly, the Native system is used for counting age and numbers of items or things in between 1 to 99.

**When to use Native Korean number?**

**– Counting any physical objects usually followed by a count word (개, 분,명, 잔, etc****– Counting (in general)****Counting age (Years)****– Counting people****– Counting number of months (달)**

In native system Daseot beon (다섯 번) means “five times” while in sino system o beon(오 번) means “number five”. When, someone has to say their age he or she can use both sino and Korean system of number but the person must use either 세 or 살 depending upon numeral system.

In the **sino Korean number system**, 세 is used to talk about age. 22 years old is 이십이 세 but in the **Native Korean number system**, 22 years old is 스물둘 살.

In the Sino system, To eliminate confusions between 1 and 2 sometimes native numbers are used. Normally, these substitutions take place over the phone and sometimes over direct conversations as well. When we have to say house number, id card number, passport number or phone number we use native numbers. For instance- 5152 is actually, 오-일-오-이, but we can use 오 – 하나 – 오 – 둘.

The teens (11 through 19) are represented by a combination of tens and the ones places in both native and Sino- Korean number system. For instance, 18 would be sib-phaal 발팔, but not usually il-sib-fall in the Sino-Korean system, and yeol- yeodalp (열여덟) in native Korean. Twenty through ninety Native system has its own unique set of words.

**Native Korean numbers 1-10**

1 | 하나 | HANA |

2 | 둘 | dul |

3 | 셋 | sehtt |

4 | 넷 | nehtt |

5 | 다섯 | da-seot |

6 | 여섯 | yeo-seot |

7 | 일곱 | il-gop |

8 | 여덟 | yuh-deol |

9 | 아홉 | ah-hop |

10 | 열 | yeol |

11 | 열하나 | yeol – hana |

12 | 열둘 | yeol – dul |

13 | 열셋 | yeol – set |

14 | 열넷 | yeol – net |

15 | 열다섯 | yeol – daseot |

16 | 열여섯 | yeol – yeoseot |

17 | 열일곱 | yeol – ilgob |

18 | 열여덟 | yeol – yeodeol |

19 | 열아홉 | yeol – ahop |

**NATIVE KOREAN NUMBER CHART**

**Difference between sino and native Korean**

**Sino Korean numbers are used to express – **

**개월(Number of months)**일 개월, 이 개월, 삼 개월, 사 개월…**년(Year)**일 년, 이 년, 삼 년, 사 년…**번(order)**일 번, 이 번, 삼 번, 사 번…**분(Minute)**일 분, 이 분, 삼 분, 사 분…**월(Month)**일월, 이월, 삼월, 사월…**일(Day)**일 일, 이 일, 삼 일, 사 일…**인분(Person)**일 인분, 이 인분, 삼 인분, 사 인분…**층(Floor)**일 층, 이 층, 삼 층, 사 층…

**Native Korean numbers are used to express – **

**개(Piece, count)**한 개, 두 개, 세 개, 네 개…..**권(document, ticket, bill, book)**한 권, 두 권, 세 권, 네 권…**그루(Plant, tree)**한 그루, 두 그루, 세 그루, 네 그루…**달(Month)**한 달, 두 달, 세 달, 네 달…**마리(animal)**한 마리, 두 마리, 세 마리, 네 마리…**병(Bottle)**한 병, 두 병, 세 병, 네 병…**사람(Human)**한 사람, 두 사람, 세 사람, 네 사람…**시간(Hour)**한 시간, 두 시간, 세 시간, 네 시간…

Sino Number | korean Name | Korean numbers in English | 서수 | Native Number | Sound |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Number | Name | Korean numbers in English | Name | Pronunciaton | |

1 | 일 | il | 첫째 | 하나 | hana |

2 | 이 | i | 둘째 | 둘 | dul |

3 | 삼 | sam | 셋째 | 셋 | set |

4 | 사 | sa | 넷째 | 넷 | net |

5 | 오 | o | 다섯째 | 다섯 | daseot |

6 | 육 | yuk | 여섯째 | 여섯 | yeoseot |

7 | 칠 | chil | 일곱째 | 일곱 | ilgop |

8 | 팔 | pal | 여덟째 | 여덟 | yeodeol |

9 | 구 | gu | 아홉째 | 아홉 | ahop |

10 | 십 | shipo | 열째 | 열 | yeol |

11 | 십일 | shipil | 열한째 | 열 하나 | yeolhana |

20 | 이십 | eeship | 스무째 | 스물 | seumul |

25 | 이십 오 | eeship | 스물 다섯 | seumul-daseot | |

28 | 이십 팔 | eeship | 스물 여덟 | seumul-yeodeol | |

30 | 삼십 | samship | 서른 | seoreun | |

35 | 삼십오 | samship | 서른다섯 | seoreun-daseot | |

40 | 사십 | saship | 마흔 | maheun | |

45 | 사십오 | saship | 마흔다섯 | maheun-daseot | |

50 | 오십 | oship | 쉰 | swin | |

55 | 오십오 | oship | 쉰다섯 | swin-daseot | |

60 | 육십 | yukship | 예순 | yesun | |

65 | 육십오 | yukship | 예순다섯 | yesun-daseot | |

70 | 칠십 | chilship | 일흔 | ilheun | |

75 | 칠십오 | chilship | 일흔다섯 | ilheun-daseot | |

80 | 팔십 | palship | 여든 | yeodeun | |

85 | 팔십오 | palship | 여든다섯 | yeodeun-daseot | |

90 | 구십 | guship | 아흔 | aheun | |

95 | 구십오 | guship | 아흔다섯 | aheun-daseot | |

100 | 백 | baek | 온 | on | |

200 | 이백 | i-baek | |||

300 | 삼백 | sam-baek | |||

500 | 오백 | 오-백 | |||

800 | 팔백 | pal-baek | |||

900 | 구백 | gu-baek | |||

1000 | 천 | cheon | |||

2000 | 이천 | icheon | |||

3000 | 삼천 | sam-cheon | |||

5000 | 오천 | o-cheon | |||

8000 | 팔천 | pal-cheon | |||

9000 | 구천 | gu-cheon | |||

10,000 | 만 | man | |||

20,000 | 이만 | iman | |||

50,000 | 오만 | oman | |||

80,000 | 팔만 | palman | |||

100,000 | 십만 | sip-man | |||

1 Million | 백만 | baek-man | |||

10 Million | 천만 | cheon-man | |||

100 million | 억 | eok | |||

1 trillion | 조 | JO |

**Korean numerals**

**Korean numbers pronunciation**

From 11 to 19, there is a simple way to make numbers. You just need to put 1 from the number 10 and in the place of 0 you have to add any number from 1 to 9. Let’s see examples here-

- 열 (10) + 하나 (1) = 열하나 [yeol-ha-na] = (11)
- 열 (10) + 다섯(5) = 열다섯 [yeoldaseot] = (15)
- 열 (10) + 아홉 (8) = 열여덟 [yeol-yuh-deol] = (18)

11 | 열 한 | YEOL – han |

20 | 스물 | seu-mul |

30 | 서른 | seo-reun |

40 | 마흔 | ma-heun |

50 | 쉰 | swin |

60 | 예순 | ye-sun |

70 | 일흔 | i-reun |

80 | 여든 | yeo-deun |

90 | 아흔 | a-heun |

100 | 백 | baek |

**NATIVE KOREAN NUMBERS**

The same rule (11-19 number making rule) applies to 21-29, 31-39, 41-49, 51- 59,61-69, 71-79,81-89 and 91-99 also.

21 | 스물 한 | seu-mul – han |

22 | 스물 둘 | seu-mul – dul |

23 | 스물 셋 | seu-mul – set |

24 | 스물 넷 | seu-mul – net |

25 | 스물 다섯 | seu-mul – daseot |

26 | 스물 여섯 | seu-mul – yeosot |

27 | 스물 일곱 | seu-mul – ilgop |

28 | 스물 여덟 | seu-mul – yedeolp |

29 | 스물 아홉 | seu-mul – ahop |

30 | 서른 | seo-reun |

**NATIVE KOREAN NUMBERS**

The number 100 in the Sino-Korean number is 백 [baek], and even when you need to use the native Korean number, you can use the same word. The same name is used for the Native numerical system as well.

Though the bigger numbers like 100, 1,000, 10,000 etc., have their own native names, the words for these bigger numbers in the native Korean numbers are no longer used and only sino-Korean numbers are used.

**How to count large numbers in korean?**

We can also use both sino and native for numbers together for counting numbers above 100. Let’s learn some of them

- 101 = 백 [baek / 100] (sino-Korean) + 하나 [ha-na / 1] (native Korean)
- 102 = 백 [baek / 100] (sino-Korean) + 둘 [dul/ 2] (native Korean)
- 208 = 이 [i / 2] (sino-Korean) + 백 [baek / 100] (sino-Korean) + 여덟 [yuh-deol / 8] (native Korean)
- 305 = 삼 [sam / 3] (sino-Korean) + 백 [baek / 100] (sino-Korean) + 다섯 [daseot / 5] (native Korean)

**How to count big numbers in Korean?**

Bigger numbers are divided into 10,000 units. Let’s see with examples

10,000 | 만 | Man |

100,000 | 십만 | Sip man |

1,000,000 | 백만 | Baek man |

10,000,000 | 천만 | Cheon man |

100,000,000 | 억 | Uck |

1,000,000,000,000 | 조 | Jo |

**Korean big numbers**

**Korean lucky numbers**

Koreans followed some of the western cultures also. As western calls, 7 as ‘Lucky Seven’ Korean also consider number 7 as a lucky seven or lucky number. Koreans have followed other aspects of western civilization also.

**4 in Korean**

First, Korean people detest the number 4 traditionally. Because the pronunciation of 4 is [사], sa], and it sounds the same as a Sino-Korean (사) which means “death”. Therefore, they tend to avoid adding 4 when numbering the car number, apartment number, patient’s room number and an examinee’s seat number’ as much as possible. So 4 in Korean is considered as an unlucky number.

**3 in Korean**

Number 3 is often used when playing games like 윷놀이. People always compete 3 times and winning 2 games out of 3 is considered as winning the game.

**10 in Korean**

A number 10 and multiples of 10 like ‘100, 1,000, 10,000

are considered as a 완전수 ‘complete number’, so they are often taken as anniversaries. For example, in a Korean proverb, 열번 찍어 안 넘어가는 나무 없다. It means there is no tree that will not fall by chopping it ten times, and ‘ten times’ here means “so many times.

백일 잔치 100th-day celebration’ is a birthday party that celebrates the 100th day since birth

**What is native Korean numbers used for?**

- 다섯 살이에요. I am five years old.
- 열 살이에요. I am ten years old.
- 한 번 – once다섯 번 – Five times
- 다섯 개 – five things
- 스물 명- twenty people
- 일곱 시 – seven o’clock
- 네 마리 – four animals

**Sino Korean and native Korean number usages**

**Sino Korean number chart**

Here is a **Korean counters list** with English pronunciations. The list consists of** Korean numbers in English.**

일{ Il} 1 One |

십{ sib} 10 Ten |

백{ Baek} 100 One hundred |

천{ cheon} 1,000 One Thousand |

만 { man} 10,000 Ten thousand |

십만 {sib man} 100,000 One hundred Thousand |

백만 { Baek man}1,000,000 One million |

천만 { cheon man} 10,000,000 |

**Korean Number chart**

억 { uck} 100,000,000 |

십억 { sib uck} 1,000,000,000 One Billion |

백억{ baek uck} 10,000,000,000 |

천억 {cheon uck} 100,000,000,000 |

조 {jo} 1,000,000,000,000 One Trillion |

십조{sib – jo} 10,000,000,000,000 |

백조 { Baek – jo} 100,000,000,000,000 |

천조 { cheon – jo} 1,000,000,000,000,000 |

**Korean numbers 1-100**

Here is a list of **Korean numbers 1 1000 in English**. In this chapter, you can learn both sino Korean and native Korean numbers. In this chapter, you can learn **how to say numbers in Korean** also.

**1 – one – 일**- 2 – two – 이
- 3 – three – 삼
- 4 – four – 사
- 5 – five – 오
- 6 – six – 육
- 7 – seven – 칠
- 8 – eight – 팔
- 9 – nine – 구
**10 – ten – 십**- 11 – eleven – 십일
- 12 – twelve – 십이
- 13 – thirteen – 십삼
- 14 – fourteen – 십사
- 15 – fifteen – 십오
- 16 – sixteen – 십육
- 17 – seventeen – 십칠
- 18 – eighteen – 십팔
- 19 – nineteen – 십구
**20 – twenty – 이십**- 21 – twenty-one – 이십 일
- 22 – twenty-two – 이십 이
- 23 – twenty-three – 이십 삼
- 24 – twenty-four – 이십 사
- 25 – twenty-five – 이십 오
- 26 – twenty-six 이십 육
- 27 – twenty-seven 이십 칠
- 28 – twenty-eight 이십 팔
- 29 – twenty-nine 이십 구
**30 – thirty 삼십**- 31 – thirty-one 삼십 일
- 32 – thirty-two 삼십 이
- 33 – thirty-three 삼십 삼
- 34 – thirty-four 삼십 사
- 35 – thirty-five 삼십 오
- 36 – thirty-six 삼십 육
- 37 – thirty-seven 삼십 칠
- 38 – thirty-eight 삼십 팔
- 39 – thirty-nine 삼십 구
**40 – forty 사십**- 41 – forty-one 사십 일
- 42 – forty-two 사십 이
- 43 – forty-three 사십 삼
- 44 – forty-four 사십 사
- 45 – forty-five 사십 오
- 46 – forty-six 사십 육
- 47 – forty-seven 사십 칠
- 48 – forty-eight 사십 팔
- 49 – forty-nine 사십 구
**50 – fifty 오십**- 51 – fifty-one 오십일
- 52 – fifty-two 오십이
- 53 – fifty-three 오십삼
- 54 – fifty-four 오십사
- 55 – fifty-five 오십오
- 56 – fifty-six 오십육
- 57 – fifty-seven 오십칠
- 58 – fifty-eight 오십팔
- 59 – fifty-nine 오십구
**60 – sixty 육십**- 61 – sixty-one 육십일
- 62 – sixty-two 육십이
- 63 – sixty-three 육십삼
- 64 – sixty-four 육십사
- 65 – sixty-five 육십오
- 66 – sixty-six 육십육
- 67 – sixty-seven 육십칠
- 68 – sixty-eight 육십팔
- 69 – sixty-nine 육십구구
**70 – seventy 칠십**- 71 – seventy-one 칠십일
- 72 – seventy-two 칠십이
- 73 – seventy-three 칠십삼
- 74 – seventy-four 칠십사
- 75 – seventy-five 칠십오
- 76 – seventy-six 칠십육
- 77 – seventy-seven 칠십칠
- 78 – seventy-eight 칠십 팔
- 79 – seventy-nine 칠십 구
**80 – eighty 팔십**- 81 – eighty-one 팔십일
- 82 – eighty-two 팔십이
- 83 – eighty-three 팔십삼
- 84 – eighty-four 팔십사
- 85 – eighty-five 팔십오
- 86 – eighty-six 팔십육
- 87 – eighty-seven 팔십칠
- 88 – eighty-eight 팔십팔
- 89 – eighty-nine 팔십구
**90 – ninety 구십**- 91 – ninety-one 구십일
- 92 – ninety-two 구십이
- 93 – ninety-three 구십삼
- 94 – ninety-four 구십사
- 95 – ninety-five 구십오
- 96 – ninety-six 구십육
- 97 – ninety-seven 구십칠
- 98 – ninety-eight 구십팔
- 99 – ninety-nine 구십구
**100 – one hundred 백**

**Counting in Korean 1-100**

This time we will learn **native Korean numbers 1-100** with words.

**1 – one – 하나(한)**- 2 – two – 둘(두)
- 3 – three – 셋(세)
- 4 – four – 넷(네)
- 5 – five – 다섯
- 6 – six – 여섯
- 7 – seven – 일곱
- 8 – eight – 여덟
- 9 – nine – 아홉
**10 – ten – 열**- 11 – eleven – 열하나
- 12 – twelve – 열둘
- 13 – thirteen – 열셋
- 14 – fourteen – 열넷
- 15 – fifteen – 열다섯
- 16 – sixteen – 열여섯
- 17 – seventeen – 열일곱
- 18 – eighteen – 열여덟
- 19 – nineteen – 열아홉
**20 – twenty – 스물**- 21 – twenty-one – 스물하나
- 22 – twenty-two – 스물둘
- 23 – twenty-three – 스물셋
- 24 – twenty-four – 스물 넷
- 25 – twenty-five – 스물다섯
- 26 – twenty-six 스물 여섯
- 27 – twenty-seven 스물 일곱
- 28 – twenty-eight 스물 여덟
- 29 – twenty-nine 스물아홉
**30 – thirty 서른**- 31 – thirty-one 서른하나
- 32 – thirty-two 서른 둘
- 33 – thirty-three 서른 셋
- 34 – thirty-four 서른 넷
- 35 – thirty-five 서른 다섯
- 36 – thirty-six 서른 여섯
- 37 – thirty-seven 서른 일곱
- 38 – thirty-eight 서른여덟
- 39 – thirty-nine 서른아홉
**40 – forty 마흔**- 41 – forty-one 마흔하나
- 42 – forty-two 마흔둘
- 43 – forty-three 마흔셋
- 44 – forty-four 마흔넷
- 45 – forty-five 마흔다섯
- 46 – forty-six 사십 육
- 47 – forty-seven 사십 칠
- 48 – forty-eight 사십 팔
- 49 – forty-nine 사십 구
**50 – fifty 쉰**- 51 – fifty-one 쉰 하나
- 52 – fifty-two 쉰 둘
- 53 – fifty-three 쉰 셋
- 54 – fifty-four 쉰 넷
- 55 – fifty-five 쉰 다섯
- 56 – fifty-six 쉰 여섯
- 57 – fifty-seven 쉰 일곱
- 58 – fifty-eight 쉰 여덟
- 59 – fifty-nine 쉰 아홉
**60 – sixty 예순**- 61 – sixty-one 예순 하나
- 62 – sixty-two 예순 둘
- 63 – sixty-three 예순 셋
- 64 – sixty-four 예순 넷
- 65 – sixty-five 예순 다섯
- 66 – sixty-six 예순 여섯
- 67 – sixty-seven 예순 일곱
- 68 – sixty-eight 예순 여덟
- 69 – sixty-nine 예순 아홉
**70 – seventy 일흔**- 71 – seventy-one 일흔 하나
- 72 – seventy-two 일흔 둘
- 73 – seventy-three 일흔 셋
- 74 – seventy-four 일흔 넷
- 75 – seventy-five 일흔 다섯
- 76 – seventy-six 일흔 여섯
- 77 – seventy-seven 일흔 일곱
- 78 – seventy-eight 일흔 여덟
- 79 – seventy-nine 일흔 아홉
**80 – eighty 여든**- 81 – eighty-one 여든 하나
- 82 – eighty-two 여든 둘
- 83 – eighty-three 여든 셋
- 84 – eighty-four 여든 넷
- 85 – eighty-five 여든 다섯
- 86 – eighty-six 여든 여섯
- 87 – eighty-seven 여든 일곱
- 88 – eighty-eight 여든여덟
- 89 – eighty-nine 여든아홉
**90 – ninety 아흔**- 91 – ninety-one 아흔 하나
- 92 – ninety-two 아흔 둘
- 93 – ninety-three 아흔 셋
- 94 – ninety-four 아흔 넷
- 95 – ninety-five 아흔 다섯
- 96 – ninety-six 아흔여섯
- 97 – ninety-seven 아흔 일곱
- 98 – ninety-eight 아흔여덟
- 99 – ninety-nine 아흔아홉
**100 – one hundred 백**

**Korean numbers exercise**

Let’s do some exercise on **Korean numbers**. *Answers of these questions are below.*

1. **How to say one hundred and forty in Korean?**

2.** How to say one hundred in Korean?**

3.** Korean numbers 55 **

4.** numbers in Korean 67**

5.** hangeul for thousand / a thousand in Korean**

6.** Korean number 8**

7.** 8 native Korean**

8.** 5 in Korean**

9.** 20 in Korean**

10.** 900 in Korean**

11.** 60 in Korean**

12.** Eight in Korean**

13.** five in Korean**

14.** hangul for billion / 1 billion in Korean**

15.** how to say November 2nd in Korean?**

16.** nine in Korean**

17.** how to say numbers in Korean?**

18.** 100 000 in words**

19.** first in Korean**

20.** Korean for one / 1 in Korean**

*Answers*- 1. 백 사십
- 2. 백
- 3. 오십오 (Sino korean), 쉰다섯 (Native korean)
- 4. 육십칠 (Sino korean), 예순일곱 (Native korean)
- 5. 천
- 6. 팔 (Sino korean)
- 7. 여덟 (Native korean)
- 8. 오 (Sino korean), 다섯 (Native korean)
- 9. 이십 (Sino korean), 스물 (Native korean)
- 10. 구백
- 11. 육십 (Sino korean), 예순 (Native korean)
- 12. 팔 (Sino korean), 여덟 (Native korean)
- 13. 오 (Sino korean), 다섯 (Native korean)
- 14. 십억
- 15. 십일 월 이 일 (11월 2 일)
- 16. 구 (Sino korean), 아홉 (Native korean)
- 17. 수, 숫자, 수사
- 18. 십만 (sip man)
- 19. 첫, 첫 (번)째의, 첫째, 우선, 맨 먼저
- 20. 하나(의), 1, 한, 일

**Korean phone numbers**

Korean phone numbers South Korean phone numbers are based on their geographical locations. If you are using landline phone numbers depending on which place you are staying. For Seoul landline phone number starts from 02, for jeollanamdo 061, for Cheonan it starts from 041. If you are using a mobile phone both prepaid and postpaid phones have the same number at the starting. Generally, it starts from 010 but some of them have 011 also.

How to ask phone number in Korean? 전화번호가 어떻게 되세요?

what is your phone number?/ What is your phone number? 전화번호 뭐예요?

To answer this question we have to use **sino Korean numbers** but sometimes Korean use **native Korean numbers** also. While saying phone numbers people normally use **공** instead of **영** for the number zero. Suppose if my phone number is 010 4256 7983 then I have to say 공일공 사이오육 칠구팔삼. We have to use these numbers to tell phone numbers in Korean.

- 0 공 GONG
- 1 일 IL
- 2 이 I / EE
- 3 삼 SAM
- 4 사 SA
- 5 오 wo
- 6 육 YUK
- 7 칠 CHHIL
- 8 팔 FAL
- 9 구 GU
- 10 십 SIP

**Korean number pronunciation**

- zero in Korean – 영 /공 / 제로
- The first in Korean – 첫번째 / 처음에
- 1 in Korean – 일 / 하나 / 한
- 2 in Korean – 이 / 둘 / 두
- three in Korean – 삼 /셋
- 21 years old in Korean – 21살. / 스물한 살
- I’m 21 years old – 난 21살. / 난 스물한 살
- 43 in Korean – 사십 삼
- 2019 in Korean 이천 십구
- 2020 in Korean – 이천 이십
- how to say 15 years old in Korean – 열 다섯 살
- 52 in native Korean – 쉰둘 / swin dul
- 51 in Korean – 오십일 / wosib il
- how to write June in Korean? – 6월/ 육월
- how to say day one in Korean? – 첫날
- 10000 in words – 만
- free in Korean – 무료, 공짜, 자유로운
- 8 in Korean – 팔
- 8 in native korea – 여덟
- seven in Korean – 칠 (sino)/ 일곱(Native)
- 11 in Korean – 십일(sino Korean)/ 열한(Native Korean)
- month in korean hangul – 월/달
- minutes in Korean – 분
- how long in Korean – 언제부터 언제까지, 얼마나?
- how to count Korean money? using sino number
- how to say 12000 in words? 만 이 천 (Man means 10000 이 means 2 and 천 means thousand)
- 1050 in words – 천 오십 (people normally say 천 오십 but you can say 일천 오십 also. 일 means 1 which Korean people don’t use while speaking in daily life. 오십 means 50.)
- Korean number 0 pronunciation – 공 (khong) or 영 (yong)

**korean numbers pdf**

**Click here to see PDF FILE of korean numbers 1-100**

**practice Korean numbers**

I have made some questions that will help your understanding of Korean numbers. To practice, Korean numbers click here. **native Korean numbers quiz**

**Korean numbers worksheet**

Try to write *the Korean numbers in words using both sino and native systems.*

Numbers | sino Korean | Native Korean |

0 | ||

1 | ||

2 | ||

3 | ||

4 | ||

5 | ||

6 | ||

7 | ||

8 | ||

9 | ||

11 | ||

17 | ||

19 | ||

22 | ||

26 | ||

28 | ||

33 | ||

36 | ||

44 | ||

47 | ||

52 | ||

56 | ||

66 | ||

68 | ||

70 | ||

75 | ||

79 | ||

83 | ||

89 | ||

100 | ||

1015 | ||

1100 | ||

1950 | ||

10000 | ||

10530 | ||

11300 | ||

18000 | ||

100000 | ||

1000000 |

**Korean numbers worksheet**

**Korean cardinal numbers**

The cardinal number indicates the number and amount and the ordinal number indicates the order. Both cardinal and ordinal numbers use native origin and Chinese origin numbers.

Cardinal numeral (양수사) is used for indicating the number or amount of persons or things. Cardinal numbers use both Korean origin numerals and Chinese origin numerals.

Korean origin cardinal number | Chinese origin cardinal number | |

하나 | 1 | 일 |

둘 | 2 | 이 |

셋 | 3 | 삼 |

넷 | 4 | 사 |

다섯 | 5 | 오 |

여섯 | 6 | 육 |

일곱 | 7 | 칠 |

여덟 | 8 | 팔 |

아홉 | 9 | 구 |

열 | 10 | 십 |

From 11 to 19, numbers in the table above are attached at the end of 열 or 십 like 열하나11, 열둘12, 열셋13, 열넷14, 열다섯15, 열여섯16, 열일곱17, 열여덟18,열아홉19. These are native Korean numbers.

십일11, 십이12, 십삼13, 십사14, 십오15, 십육16, 십칠17, 십팔18, 십구19. These are chinese origin numbers.

For numerals of ten units like 20/30/40/50, Korean origin has a separate name. And in Chinese origin ‘십’ is added from ‘일(1) to ‘구(9)’. There are up to 99, 아흔아홉’ Korean origin cardinal numeral in contemporary Korean and the above are only Chinese origin cardinal numerals.

Korean origin cardinal numeral | Chinese origin cardinal numeral | |

열 | 10 | 십 or 일십 |

스물 | 20 | 이십 |

서른 | 30 | 삼십 |

마흔 | 40 | 사십 |

쉰 | 50 | 오십 |

예순 | 60 | 육십 |

일흔 | 70 | 칠십 |

여든 | 80 | 팔십 |

아흔 | 90 | 구십 |

100 | 백 or 일 백 |

Just like ten units, units such as hundred, thousand, ten thousand, hundred thousand, etc. are attached from ‘일(1)’ to ‘구(9)’ in ‘백, 천, 만, 억, etc.’ units as well.

hundred(100) units: 일백(100), 삼백(300), 구백(900)

thousand(1,000) units: 일천(1,000), 삼천(3,000), 구천(9,000)

ten thousand(10,000) units: 일만(10,000), 삼만(30,000), 구만(90,000);

십만(100,000), 삼십만(300,000), 구십만(900,000) ; 일백만(1,000,000), 삼백만(3,000,000), 구백만(9,000,000)

hundred thousand(100,000,000) units: 일억(100,000,000), 삼억(300,000,000)

구억(900,000,000) ; 십억(1,000,000,000), 삼십억(3,000,000,000), 구십 억(9,000,000,000) ; 백억(10,000,000,000),

삼백 (30,000,000,000), 구 백억(90,000,000,000) ; 천억(100,000,000,000), 삼천억(300,000,000,000),

구천억(900,000,000,000)

**Korean Ordinal numeral**

Ordinal numeral(서수사) is used for indicating the order or class of person, things or work. For ordinal numerals, there are also Korean origin

ordinal numeral and Chinese origin ordinal numeral.

Korean origin ordinal numeral | Chinese origin ordinal numeral | |

첫째 | 1/first | 제일 |

둘째 | 2/second | 제이 |

셋째 | 3/third | 제삼 |

넷째 | 4/fourth | 제사 |

다섯째 | 5/fifth | 제오 |

여섯째 | 6/sixth | 제육 |

일곱째 | 7/seventh | 제칠 |

여덟째 | 8/eighth | 제팔 |

아홉째 | 9/ninth | 제구 |

열째 | 10/tenth | 제십 |

열한째(11), 열둘째(12), 스물째(20), etc.’ are changed a little bit into ‘열한째, 열두째, 스무째.

**Counting days in Korean**

Korean origin cardinal numeral | Chinese origin cardinal numeral | |

하루 | 1 | 일일 |

이틀 | 2 | 이일 |

사흘 | 3 | 삼일 |

나흘 | 4 | 사일 |

닷새 | 5 | 오일 |

엿새 | 6 | 육일 |

이레 | 7 | 칠일 |

여드레 | 8 | 팔일 |

아흐레 | 9 | 구일 |

열흘 | 10 | 십일 |

보름 | 15 | 십오일 |

Particular nouns are used for counting days. For it, there is korean origin and Chinese origin.

**FAQs: Korean numbers**

### How do you count to 10 in Korean?

1 하나 / 일

2 둘 / 이

3 셋 / 삼

4 넷 / 사

5 다섯 / 오

6 여섯 / 육

7 일곱 / 칠

8 여덟 / 팔

9 아홉 / 구

10 열 / 십

### What are Sino Korean numbers used for?

Saying Phone numbers/ Date/ address/ Transportation/ weight , counting money/ Number of floors/ minute and second/ Temperature/ age

### How do you write numbers in Korean?

nattive number sino number

1 하나 hana 일 EEl

2 둘 Dul 이 EE

3 셋 Sam 삼 Sam

4 넷 net 사 sa

5 다섯 Daseot 오 wo

6 여섯 Yesoet 육 Yuk

7 일곱 Ilgop 칠 Chhil

8 여덟 Yedeolp 팔 Fal

9 아홉 Aahop 구 Gu

10 열 Yeol 십 Sip

### Why does Korea have two number systems?

Koreans use differnet number systems to count different things. They use sino-korean numbers and Native numbers. But in some cases both sino and native numbers are used.

### How do Koreans read phone numbers?

01044294220 is 공 일 공 사 사 이 구 사 이 이 공. While saying zero people normally say 공 instead of 영. Sometimes phone numbers are also used in the Native number system.

South Korea emergency Numbers

119 일 일 구. which is used to contact fire station or Medical.

112 is used to report crime and contact police

120 is to Provide information for foreign residents to adjust life in Seoul.

### What are native Korean numbers used for?

Counting any physical objects usually followed by a count word (개, 분,명, 잔, etc

– Counting (in general)

– Counting Years of age

– Counting people

– Counting Hours

– Counting number of months (달)

### What is Il in Korean?

(Eel)/ il is one (1) in Korean. There are two systems of Korean numbers.(sino Korean number and native Korean number). Il is a sino Korean number.

### How do you say your age in Korean?

When someone has to say their age he or she can use both sino and Korean systems of numbers but the person must use either 세 or 살 depending upon the numeral system. In sino Korean number system, 세 is used to talk about age. 22 years old is 이십이 세. But in the Native Korean number system, 22 years old is 스물둘 살.

### How do u read the date in Korean?

For counting ….year년,..month월,..day/date일 we have to use sino korean but for counting number of months 달.

한 달 동안 For 1 month,

다음 달 next month,

한 달 전부터? From a month ago?

Age of a person using 살 we have to use the native Korean system. 22 years old is 스물둘 살

### How to say one hundred in Korean and English?

백 (Baek) in sino Korean and 온 (On) in native Korean. But normally 백 (Baek) is used in daily life. The hundredth is 100번째 (백 번째)in Korean.

### 18 in Korean

18 is 십팔 in Sino Korean but if you misspell and say 씨발 it becomes F… word in Korean. So take caution while using this number.

### What are Taekwondo Numbers in korean?

The system of Korean numbers taekwondo players uses while playing Taekwondo is pure Korean number or Native Korean number. They are also known as Taekwondo commands. They are as follows –

1 하나(Hana)

2 둘(Dul)

3 셋(Set)

4 넷(Net)

5 다섯 (Daseot)

6 여섯 (Yesot)

7 일곱 (Ilgop)

8 여덟 (Yeodolp)

9 아홉 (Aahop)

10 열 (Yeol)

### Zero in Korean?

Zero is pronounced as 영 or 공 and it doesn’t have a Korean origin name. Both 영 or 공 are Chinese origin names.

### 억 in English?

one hundred million is 1 억 in Korean. Typical Koreans consider 억(100,000,000) unit as the largest number, and 억대 부자 a rich person of one hundred million’ is used to represent a very rich person.