In this lesson, you will learn all the necessary grammar that you need to become fluent in Korean language.
Best way to learn Korean grammar
If you want to learn Korean grammar at home or by yourself you have to follow some important but simple steps.
- 1. First of all, you have to learn Korean alphabets, Korean Numbers, Korean words and Korean phrases. There are many useful resources online to get all of these. Some are free and some are paid.
- 2. You have to join a language exchange community online. There are some sites that are solely related to language exchange.
- 3. You have to join Facebook groups related to Korean learning. There are Korean language-related Facebook pages also.
- 4. Watch Korean drama (Kdramas) and listen to Kpop music.
- 5. Try to speak with Native Koreans. They will suggest to you how to speak Korean correctly.
- 6. Read the whole grammar section of Koreanly.com. It has A to Z Korean grammars. This website has Korean alphabets, Korean numbers, Korean vocabulary and Korean phrases also.
In this lesson, you will see a list of Korean grammar to learn Korean in a better way. There are 2 sections of Korean grammar list(beginner’s level and intermediate level). If you haven’t learned our Basic courses of vocabulary and phrases I recommend you to read them first.
Basic Korean grammar list
- Particle: topic/comparison particles –은/는
- Object particles -을/를
- Particle: subject particles -이/가
- Particle -하고
- Particle -한테
- Particle : also/too 도
- Want to -고 싶다
- Shall we -(으)ㄹ까요?
- time 만에: since time
- Place particle-에, time particle -에
- Place particle -에서
- From- to-(place) : -에서 -까지
- From- to-(time) : -부터 -까지
- More than -보다 / 더
- And -고
- Casual speech (반말)
- Honorific form 존댓말
- But -지만
- 기 때문에: because
- 기 전에: before doing
- 든지: either
- 에 비해서: compare to
- 자마자: as soon as
- -잖아요: you know
- 지요? : to confirm
- noun 마다: every
- noun 말고
- noun 못지않게: as good as
- noun 빼고noun 없이
- noun만 못하다: not as good as
- noun만 하다
- noun만큼, -는 만큼: as much as
- 되다 verb
- Particle -이나/ 밖에
- 입니다, 이에요/예요 – Is/am/are
Korean intermediate grammar list
- (으)ㄴ 다음에/후에: after doing
- (으)려고 하다기로 하다: to decide to do
- Ability (으)ㄹ 줄 알다 / 모르
- (으)ㄹ 수 있다 / 없다 Ability or possibility
- But (으)ㄴ데/는데
- conjunctions 그래서, 왜냐하면, 그런데, 하지만, 그러나
- Direction particle (으)로
- 밖에 + negation only
- 아/어/여 가다/오다: it has done
- 아/어/여 가지고: because
- 아/어/여 두다/놓다: status in progress
- 아/어/여 버리다: to complete an action
- 아/어/여 보이다: to look like
- 아/어/여 있다: status in progress
- 아/어/여도: even if, (아무리), No matter how
- 아/어/여도 되다: to be okay to do
- 아/어/여서 그래요 it is because
- 아/어/여서 그런지 maybe because
- 아/어/여야 하다 have to
- 아/어/여야지 have to
- 았/었/였더라면 았/었/였을 텐데
- 았/었/였으면 좋겠다/싶다/하다
- 에 대한, 에 대해서/관해서
- 에 따른, 에 따르면 according to
- 에 의한, 에 의해서
- 와/과 같이/마찬가지로: as the same as
- 와/과 다르게/달리: different from
- 을/를 위한, 위해서, 기 위해서: For
- 을/를 통한, 통해서: through
- 지 그래요? : why don’t you
- 처럼, 는/은 것처럼: as like
- 든지 Either
- X 든지 말든지: either X or not
- 대신에, 는 대신에: instead of
- number 이나, 밖에
- 지 않을 수 없다, 아닐 수 없다 Double negation
- 아무/아무도/아무나: any/nobody/any
- Future tense ending (formal ending) (으)ㄹ 겁니다, (polite/friendly ending) (으)ㄹ 거예요
- Go/come to do something (으)러 가다/오다
- I have done 아/어/여 봤어요.
- I will (으)ㄹ게요
- In order to do something (으)려고
- Irregular verb/adjective ㄷ 불규칙
- Irregular verb/adjective ㅂ 불규칙
- Irregular verb/adjective 으
- Irregular verbs/adjectives ㄹ 불규칙
- Negation 못, 지 못하다
- Negation 안, 지 않다
- Only, just particle 만, 밖에+안
- Past tense (formal ending) 았/었/였습니다
- Past tense (polite/friendly ending) 았/었/였어요
- Present tense (formal ending) (스)ㅂ니다
- Present tense (polite/friendly ending) 아/어/여요
- Please do ~ 아/어/여 주세요
- Should/have to/must 아/어/여야 돼요 or 해요.
- The reason, Therefore, thus (으)니까
- Therefore, thus, so 아/어/여서
- You should try 아/어/여 보세요.
- (으)므로: because, as, for. since
- 거든 Because
- (으)ㄹ 수도 있다: maybe
- (으)ㄹ 뻔했다: almost did
- (으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다
- (으)ㄹ 정도로
- (으)려고: in order to do
- (으)ㄹ걸(요) to express prediction (maybe, might, will)
- (으)ㄹ 텐데 ask, request while telling a background situation
- (으)려고 하는데 / (으)려고 했는데
- (으)ㄴ 적이 있다/없다 have done, (have experience)
- (으)며 while, and
- (으)면 안 되다 …should not do
- (으)ㄹ 만하다
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ듯하다 It seems like
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 듯이: like, as…
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 줄 알았다, 몰랐다: didn’t know that
- (으)ㄹ 게 아니라
- (으)ㄴ/는 순간
- (으)려고 하다: be about to do
- (으)ㄹ까 봐
- (으)ㄹ래요.? would you…?
- (으)ㄹ지도 모르다: maybe
- (으)려나 보다 it seems like
- (으)ㄹ 뿐만 아니라: not only, but also
- (으)니까: because, to realize something
- (으)ㄴ/는데: but/however, to show background situation
- (으)면서: while, although
- (으)ㄴ/는 척하다: to pretend to do
- 거나 말거나: whether do something or not
- (으)ㄴ/는다면서요? : I heard…, right?
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ지 알다/모르다: know/don’t know whether/ if
- (으)ㄴ/는 대로
- (으)ㄴ 채로
- 지나다/넘다/되다: It has been since
- (으)ㄹ 것이다/ (으)ㄹ 거예요): future tense verb ending a formal form
- (으)ㄴ/는 셈이다: It is the same as
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 모양이다: it looks like, it seems like
- (으)ㄴ/는/(으)ㄹ 것 같다: it looks like, it seems like
- (으)ㄹ까 하다: to think of doing
- (으)ㄹ 걸, 건, 게: Short form of (으)ㄹ 것을, 것은, 것이
- (으)ㄴ/는 데다가: not only, but also
- (으)ㄹ리가 없다: it will not be
- (으)ㄹ수록: the more… the more…
- 게 되다: become
- 게 하다 / 시키다 / 만들다
- 겠 / 겠어요: should, will
- 고 나다:(고 나서, 고 나면): after doing
- 고 보다: 고 보니(까), 고 보면
- 고 있다: Verb + ing (continuous action)
- 고자 하다 / (고 싶다) want to
- 기/게 마련이다
- 기를 바라다
- 기만 하면: once someone do this, it will
- 길래(기에): because
- ㄴ/는다면: if
- 느니: rather than do
- 느라고: because, in order to
- 는 것은 아니다(partial negation)
- 는 것이 아니라: not A but B
- 는 대로: as soon as
- 는 덕분에: because of (with pleasure result)
- 는 데(에) 좋다/나쁘다: good/bad to do
- 는 데다가: in addition
- 는 동안에: during, while
- 는 바람에: because (with the bad result)
- 는 중에 / 중이다: Action in progress
- 는 편이다: tend to
- 다가: while, during
- 던, 았/었/였던: used to
- 던데: 더+ㄴ데
- 도록: in order to
- 다가는: to express a warning
- 다시피: as you see
- 더니: reason, but, as soon as
- 더라도: even though
- 기 때문이다 because (at the end of the sentence)
- 기는 해도/ 기는 하지만: admit to a fact, but have another opinion
- 다가 보면, 다 보니(까)
- (으)로서: as a noun (qualification, position)
- (으)려면(=으려고 하면): if you want to do, if you are going to do
- (으)ㄹ 테니까 / (으)ㄹ 거니까) because Somone will do, because S will happen
- (으)ㄹ까요? : Shall we, will it? (to have a question about a situation in the future)
- (으)ㄹ 걸 그랬다: Regret about something
- (으)려다가(=으려고 하다가): was going to do (change action to a different one)
Korean grammar list pdf
I have compiled the list of basic Korean grammar lesson lists. please click here to open the link
All Korean grammar list
이 가 grammar
이/가 Subject markers or subject marking particles. 이 가 indicates the subject of the sentence and The grammatical subject is related to 이 가. Learn more
은 는 Topic markers or topic marking particles. 은/는 indicates the topic of the sentence. If the word ends with consonants we use 은 or 이.이것은, 이것이 – This is저것은, 저것이 – That is
If the word ends with vowels we use 는 or 가.저는, 제가 – (I’m) formal나는, 내가 – (I’m) informal.
The fun fact is that many native speakers frequently omit these particles in daily conversation. Learn more
을/를 is an object particle. When the noun has the final consonant, like ‘밥,’ ‘을’ is used. So it becomes ‘밥을.’
On the other hand, when the noun does not have the final consonant, like ‘커피,’.
‘를’ is used. So, it becomes ‘커피를.’ learn more 을/를 grammar
The meaning of 도 is too/ also/ either. 도 is used in all cases regardless of the final consonants of preceding words. For example- 레몬도 Lemon also, 민조 씨도 Minjo also. Learn more about 도 grammar.
의 means …of/’s (belongs to) in english의 communicates the possessive relationship of the thing being the owner of the subsequent thing. It can be used as for, own, of in English. Many students are confused about How to pronounce vowel 의? There are some rules to pronounce it. Now let’s learn how 의 sound like in different circumstances? Learn more about 의
(이)나 means either/ or. when the noun has the final consonant, ‘이나’ is used. So, ‘지하철’ becomes ‘지하철이나.’ On the other hand, when the noun does not have the final consonant, ‘나’ is used. So ‘버스’ becomes ‘버스나.’ Learn more (이)나 grammar
Whether the preceding verb has vowel or consonant at the ending we have to use 거나. 빵을 먹거나 우유를 마셔요. Learn more 거나 grammar
The meaning of 아니면 is or/either.오늘 치킨 아니면 해장국 먹고 싶어요.오늘 치킨이나 해장국 먹고 싶어요.Today I eat either chicken or haejangguk. Both have a similar meaning. Learn more 아니면 grammar
에 is a particle used in Korean sentences. It is attached after a noun. It is used after a time or place nouns. 에 means at/in/on the time in English. Learn more 에 grammar
에서 까지 grammar
에서 – From (Place)부터 – From (Time)까지 – To/till (Place) ‘Noun에서 Noun까지’. 에서 means from and 까지 means to. 에서 normally used for place and 까지 is used for both time and place. Learn more 에서 까지 grammar
ㅂ니다 is a formal form of (이)다(=to be). It is a polite form and usually used in official works, news, when meeting with someone older/more respectful than the speaker or when meeting someone for the first time.
In a formal setting like a job interview, and when you talk with someone formally we have to use 입니다, 입니까?
In a statement, you can use ‘입니다‘
In a question sentence, you can use ‘입니까?’
In a negative sentence, you can use ‘이/가아닙니다.’
Learn more 이에요/예요 grammar
로/ (으)로 – to/towards(direction)with (tool/method). This grammar is used to show the direction. when a noun has a final consonant, ‘으로’ is used. So, ‘오른쪽’ becomes ‘오른쪽으로.’
On the other hand, when a noun does not have the final consonant, ‘로’ is used. So, ‘뒤’ becomes ‘뒤로.’ Learn more about (으)로 grammar.
v 고 있다 grammar
V + 고 있다 = V + ing. This is a progressive grammar and can be used in all tenses(Past present and future tense.). It has the same meaning as 는 중이다 has. ‘고 있다’ is used.
when an action is in progress. It is combined with verbs, and it cannot be used with adjectives.
V + 아요/어요 or ㅂ니다/습니다 – Present tense verb ending. 습니다/ㅂ니다 attaches after the verb or adjective stem. While making question we use 습니까 / ㅂ니까. 질문을 할 때는 습니까 / ㅂ니까 로 질문해요.This grammar is used in formal situations and it shows politeness.
If there is a final consonant on verb stem 습니다 is used and if there is no final consonant on verb stem ㅂ니다 is used. Learn more about ㅂ니다/습니다 grammar
와/과/하고/랑 – And (connect two things). 와/과/하고/ (이)랑 are used to connect nouns and 고 is used after the verb. 그리고 can be used/ attached after a sentence or at the beginning of the sentence. 와/과/하고/ (이)랑 means and in English.
These grammar particles(와/과/하고/(이)랑) connect two or more nouns. It’s exactly the same as with or and in English. leaen more about 와/과/하고/랑
와/과 are used in writing presentation and speech (글이나 발표 연설).이/(랑), 하고 are used in everyday conversation (일상적인 대화).
있다/없다 (To Exist/Have). 있다/없다 Both are verb endings in the Korean language. 있다 means to have something or to exist and 없다 means not to have something or not exist. 우리집에는 청소기가 있어요. There is a vacuum cleaner in my house. Learn more 있다 없다 grammar.
입니다 입니까 grammar
입니다 means to be.입니까 is an interrogative form & used to make questions.입니다 입니까 are used after a noun and are used in formal conditions like in Newspaper/ TV News.이/가 아닙니다 – This grammar is used to make negative sentences. Learn more about 입니다 입니까 grammar.
습니다 습니까 grammar
습니다 meaning – It attaches after the verb or adjective ending and it is used in formal situations. 습니다 shows politeness while speaking. 습니까 grammar – It is a formal polite ending form of a sentence in a question form. If a verb or adjective ending has a consonant 습니까 is used. Learn more about 습니다 습니까 grammar
에게/한테/ 께 grammar
에게/한테/ 께 – To (someone). Person – > person 에게 and 한테 are similar and 께 is a little different because it is used with the person who older than the speaker or who is respectful. All these three terms are used to say “to”These terms are used in between persons but not in-between place and place. For example
친구한테 선물을 줬어요; 친구에게 선물을 줬어요. I gave a present to my friend.
서울에서 부산까지 여행을 가요. Here in this phrase 까지 means to. 아버님께 선물을 드렸습니다. I gave a present to my father.
에게서/한테서 – From (someone) If you want to learn more detail click this link.