Korean alphabets chart with pronunciation

korean alphabets
Korean alphabets in English

Korean alphabets


The Korean alphabets are known as Hangul in South Korea or Josan gul in North Korea. This is the official language of both south and north Korea. In this lesson, we will study about Korean alphabet chart with pronunciation which will help you to learn Korean vocabulary and Korean phrases.

alphabet of Korean


Hangul is the alphabet of the Korean language and it was created by King Sejong the Great in the 15th century. The hangul is written from left-to-right. Hangeul or Korean alphabet is made up of consonants and vowels.

How many characters are there in Korean?


Hangul or hangeul is the modern name of the Korean alphabet. Korean character is made up of 14 consonants and 10 vowels. Korean vowel has 3 shapes – man (a vertical line), earth (a horizontal line) and heaven (a dot).

How many vowels in Korean

In korean alphabets single vowel is 10 and double vowel is 11 so in total it is 21 vowels.

hangul alphabet


In this section, we will learn Korean hangul pronunciation.

Korean consonants / Korean consonants pronunciation

Let’s see Korean alphabet chart.

HangulSoundName
g(기역) giyeok
n(니은) nieun
d(디귿) digeut
R/L(리을) rieul
M(미음) mieum
B(비읍) bieup
S(시옷) siot

ㅇ – sounds  silent (at start of the word) or ng –  (이응) ieung

J(지읒) jieut
CH(치읓) chieut
K(키읔) kieuk
T(티읕) tieut
P(피읖) pieup
H(히읗) hieut

korean double consonants

KK(쌍기역) ssanggiyeok
TT(쌍디귿) ssangdigeut
PP(쌍비읍) ssangbieup
SS(쌍시옷) ssangsiot
JJ(쌍지읒) ssangjieut

Korean alphabet chart with pronunciation

Korean Vowels

a
eo
o
u
eu
i
ya
yeo
yo
yu

Korean double vowels

ae
yae
e
ye
ui
wae
oe
wo
we
wa
wi
Korean alphabet chart with pronunciation - korean- vowels

After finishing this chart you will be able to tell the answer of how to pronounce Korean alphabet?

hangul alphabets


Korean consonants order

ㄱ ㄲ ㄴ ㄷ ㄸ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅃ ㅅ ㅆ ㅇ ㅈ ㅉ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ

Korean Vowels order

ㅏ ㅐ ㅑ ㅒ ㅓ ㅔ ㅕ ㅖ ㅗ ㅘ ㅙ ㅚ ㅛ ㅜ ㅝ ㅞ ㅟ ㅠ ㅡ ㅢ ㅣ

Korean to English alphabet


Korean alphabet pdf

 Click here to download the Korean alphabet pdf

Korean alphabet pdf


Korean vowels and consonants pdf

Korean alphabet in English


Korean alphabets are really easy to learn. It is the most modernized language. Watch this video to learn Korean alphabets in English.

hangul alphabet

How to Say Words in Korean

You need to start to speak the hangul alphabet first. After getting knowledge about alphabets now you have to start studying about Korean words. You must start with very basic Korean words. After practising to speak Korean with yourself you will be fluent in speaking Korean words and phrases.

How to read Korean alphabets

Learn hangul game

To learn hangul you have to be able to know which Korean letter/hangul alphabet has what kind of shape and how Korean letter sounds like. So to practice Korean alphabet test you have to click this link

How to write a letter in Korean

The letter means 편지 and postcard mean 엽서in Korean. But nowadays normally very few people use a letter. People normally use Email 이메일 nowadays. A text message 문자 is another modern way to exchange news in Korea. 카카오톡 is most famous of all nowadays in Korea. everybody use this app as a messenger. Korean people say this 카톡.
Now let’s learn how to write a letter in Korean way. Korean letter has this type of structure.
1 salutation/ greetings
2 Your News
3 Wrap up/ sign off
1 salutation – we have two option here. We can either use 께 or 에게. Both means (to
) in English. 께 is a formal way and 에게 is an informal or casual way. let’s learn with examples
존경하는 선생님께 means respectable/Dear teacher.
사랑하는 김종은 에게 means Dear Kim jong un
사랑하는 (Name of person you are writing a letter to) 에게
2 greetings –
Formal way-
안녕하세요/안녕하십니까. 잘 지내세요. Hello. How are you feeling/ How is your health?
직장 생활은 어떻습니까? How is your work life?
결혼생활은 어때요? How is your married life?
가족은 어떤가요? How is your family?

Casual way –
안녕. 잘 지내? Hi, how are you?
공부는 잘 되어가? Is your study going well?
가족은 어떤가? or 가족들은 건강하지? Is your family healthy?

3 Your News
Formal way
저는 잘 지내고 있어요. I’m doing good./ I’m fine.
학교 생활도 잘 하고 있어요.My study is going good.

Casual way
나는 잘 지내. I’m fine
공부 잘 돼 가고 있어. My study is going good.

4 Main body
Formal
선생님을 정말 만나고 싶어요. I really want to meet you, teacher.

Casual way
오빠를 정말 만나고 싶어. I really want to meet you (오빠 Oppa means male friend or male who is slightly older than you)

5 Wrap up
Formal way
그럼 이만 줄입니다. Let me finish the letter.
거강 하세요. stay healthy
안녕히 계세요. Bye / stay good(safe)

Casual way
그럼 이만 줄일게 let me finish the letter. (This is a kinda strange system in Korean letter writing but when you write 편지 you have to write this.)
건강 조심해. stay healthy
안녕 bye.

6 signing off
polite
올림 means from and you have to write like this – your name or letter writer’s name and 올림

Casual
…..(이)가 your name and the 이/가

Korean language beginner book