Days of the week in korean
Days of the week in korean
  • 월요일     Wor-yoil              Monday
  • 화요일     Hwa-yoil            Tuesday
  • 수요일     Su-yoil               Wednesday
  • 목요일     Mog-yoil             Thursday
  • 금요일     Geum-yoil           Friday
  • 토요일     Tho-yoil              Saturday
  • 일요일 Ir-yoil Sunday

Time and Date in Korean

In this lesson, you will learn Time and date related Korean vocabularies and phrases. This lesson has covered all aspects of vocabularies about Days of the week in Korean, Days of the month in Korean, Year in the Korean language, (일/날/요일, 주,달/월/개 월, 년). We have gathered all the frequently asked questions related to time in the Korean language.

          날/일/요일/낮/주간/하루/ 당일/ 매일의 all these Korean terms means a day(But in English they have slightly different meanings). But when we talk about the specific day we say 날/일.

       요일 is used to speak about the days of the week in Korean. As we know a month has up to 31 days, let’s study about days in Korean.

To completely understand Days of the week and month first, you need to learn about Numbers in Korean(native Korean numbers, Sino Korean Numbers, Sino and Native numbers in the chart). Because Korean numbers are used to count the day of the week and month.

Let’s see some examples of days-

If we have to ask “which day”?

며칠 / 무슨 일 / 무슨 날? is used

13th of this month is 이번 달 십사일 in Korean.

이번-This

달-Month

십삼-13

일-day

     We just keep adding Sino Korean number according to the day before 일.

Day 1 is  일일 iril

Day 2 is  이일 i-il

Day 5 is  오일 o-il

Day 10 is 십 일 sib-il

Day 15 is 십오 일 sibo-il

Day 20 is 이십 일 isib-il

Day 25 is 이십오 일 isib-o-il

Day 30 is 삼십 일 sam-sib-il

Day 31 is 삼십일일-samsibil-il

Example

If we have to ask “which day”? 며칠 / 무슨 일 / 무슨 날?

13th of this month is 이번 달 십사일 in Korean.

이번-This

달-Month

십삼-13

일-day.

We just keep adding Sino Korean number according to the day before 일.

Day in Korean language

DateKoreanFormulaTransliteration
1.일일1 + 일Iril
2.이일2 + 일Ee il
3삼일3 + 일sam il
4사일4 + 일sa il
5오일5 + 일o il
6육일6 + 일yuk il
7칠일7 + 일chil il
8팔일8 + 일fal il
9구일9 + 일gu il
10십일10 + 일sibil
11십일일11 + 일sib iril
12십이일12 + 일sibi il
13십삼일13 + 일sibsam il
14십사일14 + 일sibsa il
15십오일15 + 일sibo il
16십육일16 + 일sibyuk il
17십칠일17 + 일sibchil il
18십팔일18 + 일sibfal il
19십구일19 + 일sibgu il
20이십일20 + 일isibil
21이십일일21 + 일isibiril
22이십이일22 + 일isibi il
23이십삼릴23 + 일isibsam il
24이십사일24 + 일isibsa il
25이십오일25 + 일isibo il
26이십육일26 + 일isibyuk il
27이십칠일27 + 일isibchil il
28이십팔일28 + 일isibfal il
29이십구일29 + 일isibgu il
30삼십일30 + 일samsibil
31삼십일일31 + 일samsib iril

writing the date in korean

      It is very easy to count days in Korean. Here is a small list of Counting days in Korean.

  • These days is 요즈음
  • Now is 현재, 지금, 이제
  • Immediately is 즉시, 즉각, 바로
  • Today is 오늘
  • Tomorrow is 내일
  • Day after Tomorrow is 모레
  • Yesterday is 어제
  • last[yesterday] evening is 어제저녁 
  • last night is 어젯밤 
  • A day before Yesterday is 그저께, 그제
  • The month before last, two months ago is 지지난달
  • The Week before last, two weeks ago is 지지난주
  • One day is 하루
  • Two days is  이틀
  • Three days is 사흘
  • Ten days is 열흘
  • Eleven days is 열하루
  • Twelve days is 열이틀
  • Nineteen days is 열나흐레
  • Twenty days is 스물
  • Twenty-one days is 스물하루
  • One month is 한 달, 1개월
  • One year is 일 년
  • One decade is 10[십]년
  • One century is 100년, 세기
  • Long-time ago is 한 달

Days of the week in Korean

     A week is 주 in Korean and day of the week is 요일 so you just need to add a name before 요일 to say any day of the week. Now let’s start from Monday

월요일     Wor-yoil              Monday

화요일     Hwa-yoil            Tuesday

수요일     Su-yoil               Wednesday

목요일     Mog-yoil             Thursday

금요일     Geum-yoil           Friday

토요일     Tho-yoil              Saturday

일요일 Ir-yoil Sunday

      Before 요일, every day of the week has its own name and they have the special meaning according to East Asian philosophy. 

These names are derived from Chinese names

(wol) means moon day

(hwa) means fire day

(su) means water day [sea water is 해수, cold water is 냉수 and hot water is 온수]

(mok)  means a wood day

(geum) means gold or metal day

(tho)  means earth day

(il)  means sun day

Korean days of the week hanja

HanjaKorean/ EnglishMeaning
일요일/ Sunday(일) Day, sun
월요일/ Monday(월) Month, Moon
화요일/ Tuesday(화) Fire
수요일/ Wednesday(수) Water
목요일/ Thursday(목) Wood, Tree
금요일/ Friday(금/김) Gold, Metal
토요일/ Saturday(토) Earth

How to write date in Korean?

날짜 means the date in Korean. We already studied Sino Korean numbers in past lessons. If you haven’t read that lesson please read that first. Sino Korean number (일,이,삼,사,오) is used to tell the date in Korean.

  • 새해(sehe)means a new year
  • 년 (neyon)means a year
  • 월 (wol)means a month
  • 일 (Il)means a day. 
  • The rule of expressing date in Korea is  – YYYY-MM-DD or 년-월-일.
  • Time format in Korea is   –  HH:MM: SS or 시-분-초.

Months in Korean

      월 and 달 both mean a month in Korean. But they are used in different circumstances.

    달 is used for counting period of months like 이번달, 지난 달, 다음달 and 월 is used only for January, February, March, April, May, June, …., December. 

          In other words, 월 is used to say the name of a month. 달 has another meaning also that is the moon.

The month of January  – 1월[일월]

several months later – 몇 달[개월] 뒤에

Ten-month contract  – 10개월짜리 계약

달 개월 차이

달 is used with native Korean numbers (한달, 두달, 세달, 네달, 다섯달, 여섯달, 일곱달…)

개월 is used with Sino or Chinese numbers (일개월, 이개월, 삼개월, 사개월, 오개월, 육개월,칠개월 …)

In daily conversation, 달 is more commonly used.

월 is used (Cardinal Number): 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6..

  1. ex) 1월, 2월, 3월, 4월, 5월….

달 is used(Ordinal Number) : 하나, 둘, 셋, 넷, 다섯….

  1. ex) 한 달, 두 달, 셋 달, ….

첫 달, 마지막 달, 이번달, 지난 달, 다음달….

Here is another example of 달 and 월

달: 영어 공부 하는데 5 달이 걸렸다

개월: 영어 공부 하는데 5개월이 걸렸다.

Months in Korean language

Name of MonthKorean MonthsTransliteration
January1월 (일월)Eel-wol
February2월 (이월)Ee-wol
March3월 (삼월)Sam-wol
April 4월 (사월)Sa-wol
May5월 (오월)Wo-wol
June6월 (유월 )Yu-wol
July7월 (칠월)Chil-wol
August8월 (팔월)Fal-wol
September9월 (구월)Goo-wol
October10월 (시월)Shi-wol
November11월 (십일월)Shibeel-wol
December12월 (십이월)Shibee-wol
Month in korean hangul

Month in Korean hangul

month in korean hangul
month in korean hangul

       In English, you have a special word for each month like January February March April, but in Korean it is different. 월  means month. 월 is hanja and derived from Chinese characters.

월 has two meaning moon and month.       

         The meaning of 월초 is the beginning of the month. 월  means month and 초 means beginning. Also, 월말 means the end of the month. 

월 is a month and 말 means end or last.

      It is very easy to tell the name of the month in the Korean language. Basically to describe the month you just need to add the Sino Korean number before 월. Just add 1 to 12 Sino Korean number before 월. But there are some exceptions.

For the month of June and October, you have to be careful.

     June is not 육월, its 유월(final consonant ㄱ is removed) and October is not 십월 its 시월(final consonant ㅂ is removed.

How to write dates in Korean?

Dates in Korean
Dates in Korean

How to tell time in Korean?

 The date is 날짜 and time is 시간/ 시각/ 타임 in the Korean language. we have already studied about Sino Korean number and native Korean numbering system

         Now we are going to use them here. The native Korean number is used to tell the hour and Sino Korean number is used to tell minutes and seconds.

한시     (han-si)    1 o’clock

두 시    (du-si)      2 o’clock

세 시   (se-si)      3 o’clock

네 시    (ne_si)     4 o’clock

These four native numbers are slightly changed when it attached with a noun.

하나+시=한시    (ㅏ is removed)

둘+시=두 시      (ㄹ is removed)

셋+시= 세 시     ( is removed)

넷+시=네 시     (ㅅ is removed)

After these 4 numbers, remaining numbers are used in their original form

다섯 시    (daseosshi)             5 o’clock

여섯 시    (yeoseosshi)       6 o’clock

일곱 시    (ilgopshi)           7 o’clock

여덟 시     (yeodulshi)         8 o’clock

아홉 시      (ahopshi)           9 o’clock

열 시          (yeolshi)       10 o’clock

열한 시      (yeolhanshi)     11 o’clock

열두시      (yeoldooshi)     12 o’clock

        오전 (ojeon) is AM (before noon) and 오후 (ohu) is PM (afternoon). So, we have to say 오전한 시 (ojeon Hanshi) for 1 am and 오후 한 시 (ohu Hanshi) for 1 pm. 

Let’s see some examples of 오전-

오전 한 시 (ojeon hanshi) = 1 am

오전 두 시 (ojeon dooshi) = 2 am

오전 다섯 시 (ojeon daseosshi) = 5 am

오전 열 시 (ojeon yeolshi) = 10 am

오전 열한 시 (ojeon yeolhanshi) = 11 am

오전 열두 시 (ojeon yeoldooshi) = 12 am

오후

오후 한 시 (ohu hanshi) = 1 pm

오후 두 시 (ohu dooshi) = 2 pm

오후 다섯 시 (ohu daseosshi) = 5 pm

오후 열 시 (ohu yeolshi) = 10 pm

오후 열한 시 (ohu yeolhanshi) = 11 pm

오후 열두 시 (ohu yeoldooshi) = 12 pm

       In English when we have to say the time we just use a number but in Korean, we must use an hour and a minute after the numbers. 

  For example, Suppose 1:30 pm is 한 시 30 분. Here 시 is hour and 분 is minute.we can also say 한시 반. Here 반 means half. Let’s see some examples

1:15 we must use     

1한시(Han-Shi) 15 십오분 (shipoboon) and 

2:45 we must use

2:45  2두 시(du-shi) 45사십오분 (sashipo-boon).

How to write time in Korean?

What time is it now? 지금 몇 시예요?

It’s 5:30 now. 지금 다섯 시 삼십분이에요. / 지금 다섯 시 반이에요. – 

10 Hour –  열 시

18 minutes – 십팔 분

30 seconds – 삼십 초

1:25 – 한 시 이십오  분

        Midnight is 자정 in Korean language but in daily conversation, people say 밤 열두시 rather than 자정.밤 is night and 열두시 means 12 o’clock.

새벽 두 시 (saebyeok dooshi) = 2 at dawn or late night 2.

아침 일곱 시 (achim ilgopshi) = 7 in the morning.

      12 noon is 정오 in Korean but just like 자정(midnight), people don’t use it normally in daily life. Rather than 정오 people use 낮 열두 시or 오후 열두 시.

저녁 일곱 시 (junhyeok ilgopshi) = 7 in the evening.

밤 일곱 시 (bam ilgopshi) = 7 at a night .

you can use both 저녁 or 밤 to tell time after 6. 저녁 is evening and 밤 is a night.

오전 세 시 (Ojeon se-shi).

새벽 세 시(Saebyeok se-shi).

you can use both 새벽 and 오전 to tell time after 12 AM till 6 AM. 새벽 means Dawn and 오전에는 means morning.

Note – The Korean letter 시 has many meanings depending upon the situation. we studied 시 means o’clock but it can also mean a poem or city.

      Talking about time Both south and North Korea has the same time zone (GMT+9) and both 12-hour and 24-hour notation system is used in Korea.

months in Korean  월/ 월달

date in Korean  날짜

Korean date format

YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM: SS

2020-01(month)-11(day)

How to write date in Korean?

    In Korea, you have to use YY/MM/DD system to tell the specific date.

Example-

YEAR/MONTH/DAY

2018/09/05  이천 십팔년 구 월 오 일

     If you have to tell your birthday you just say February 15th,1988 in English but in Korean 1988-February-15(천구백 팔십팔 년 이 월 십오일)

Happy new year in the Korean language 새해 복 많이 받으세요.

simple Korean phrases for beginners

Question- 오늘 무슨 요일이에요?(Asking formally) What day is it today?

 Answer- 오늘은 수요일이에요.

Question- 오늘 무슨 요일이야?(Asking casually/informally) What day is it today?

Answer- 오늘은 토요일이에요.

What’s the date today? 오늘 몇 월 며칠이에요?

What date is your birthday? 생일이 몇 월 며칠이에요? / 생일이 언제이에요?

월요일부터 금요일 저녁까지 일해요. I work from Monday to Friday evening.

오늘은 토요일이에요.Today is Saturday

토요일에 거미를 죽였어요. On Saturday I killed a spider.

Time and Date in Korean (Korean simple words)

  • today in Korean  – 오늘
  • Sunday in Korean  – 일요일
  • Saturday in Korean  – 토요일
  • Friday in Korean  – 금요일
  • Tuesday in Korean  – 화요일
  • Thursday in Korean  – 목요일
  • June in Korean – 6th month – 6월
  • April in Korean – 4월
  • Korean word for Korea – 한국
  • November in Korean – 11월
  • August in Korean – 8월
  • 2019 in Korean – 2019년
  • Time in Korean – 시간
  • Days of the week – ..요일
  • Korean time format – HH/MM/SS
  • Time in Korean – 시간
  • Months in Korean – 달, 월
  • Next month in Korean – 다음 달
  • Last year in Korean – 작년
  • Korean date Format – yy/mm/dd
  • 매주의   weekly
  • 일 주      one week
  • 주말       weekend
  • 주말 여행    weekend trip
  • 주말 부부    long-distance couple
  • 주말 농장    weekend farming
  • 주말 가족 특선  special family menu
  • 평일      Weekday
  • 평일에       on weekday
  • 평일 조식    Breakfast
  • 평일 점심 특선 weekday lunch special
  • 매일          Day-to-day/ Everyday
  • 오늘 (onul)   Today
  • 어제 (Oje)    Yesterday
  • 내일 (naeil)   Tomorrow
  • Last + Last Week (2 weeks ago) 지지난 주
  • Last Week 지난 주
  • This Week 이번 주
  • Next Week 다음 주
  • Next + Next Week (in 2 weeks) 다다음 주
  • 안녕히 주무세요 Good night
  • 안녕 Hi/Hello
  • 안녕 goodbye, Hi
  • 일어나 Wake up
  • 안녕하세요 Good morning/ good afternoon/ good evening
  • 좋은 아침  Good morning
  • 안녕   Goodbye
  • 안녕하세요 Annyeonghaseyo – hi/hello
  • Which month? 몇월?
  • Last +Last Month (2 months ago) 지지난 달
  • Last Month 지난 달
  • This Month 이번 달
  • Next Month 다음 달
  • Next + Next Month (in 2 months)  다다음 달
  • 석 달 seok dal (three months)
  • 넉 달 neok jan (four months)
  • 오뉴월 onyuwol (May and June)
  • 유월 yuwol (June)
  • 한달 동안 month-long
  • 매월 monthly
  • 월세 monthly rent
  • 월경 period, menstruation
  • 월급 monthly pay
  • 달력 calendar
  • 한달에 한 번 once a month
  • 역월 calendar month
  • 태음월 moon month
  • 태양 월 solar month
  • 광월 light month
  • 1개월간 For a month-long
  • 해가 갈수록[매년] every year
  • 해마다 year after year
  • 한 살 1year
  • 신년, 새해 new year
  • 학년 school year, grade (level)
  • 몇 년 동안 for years
  • 작년 Last Year
  • 올해 this year
  • 내년 Next Year

How do you say next month in korean?

Next month in korean language is 다음달. next week is 다음주 and next year is 내년.

How do you say 2 months in Korean?

두 달 is 2 months in korean. 두 is derived from 둘 which is a native korean number.

How do you count months in Korean?

Sino korean number is used to say korean months. 달 (dal, native number) or 개월 (gae wol, Sino-Korean number)
일월 – 달 – ilwol (dal), January.
이월 – 달 – iwol (dal), February.
삼월 – 달 – samwol (dal), March.
사월 – 달 – sawol (dal), April.
오월 – 달 – owol (dal), May.
유월 – 달 – yuwol (dal), June.

How do you say two days in Korean?

Haru 하루 means one day and 이틀 mean two days. 이 일 is also right word for 2 days but people use 이틀 more commonly.

How do you count days in Korean?

Sino korean number is used to count korean days.
1 day is 일일
2 days is 이틀
3 days is 삼 일
4 dasy is 사일

How to say the date in Korean?

There are many words to say date in korean language. They are 날짜, 시기[때/시대], 약속, 데이트, 데이트 상대

How to say the year in Korean?

Year means 해[년/연]in korean. 1년 is 1 year. 올해 means this year. 내년 is next year and 작년 is last year. 열두 달 means 12 months which is one year.
여러 해 동안 year after year
전년 year on year
매년 every year
새해 첫 날, 1월 1일 New years day
해마다 yearly, annually, every year

How to write day in Korean?

하루, 요일, 낮, 주간, [날/일] each of these word means day/date in korean.

What does June mean in Korean?

– 6월 (유월 yuwol) is June in korean. 육 means six in sino korean number and 월 means month. But it is not right to say 육월. The correct pronunciation is 유월 yuwol