Basic korean words

Basic Korean Words

   In this lesson, you will learn Basic Korean words about Self-introduction in Korean, Korean family terms and Korean Medical terminologies.

How to introduce yourself in Korean?

 The first thing you have to say is “안녕하세요” (annyeong haseyo) which means hello. You can say my name is in 3 ways they are

저는 ——-예요. I’m——.

제 이름은——예요. My name is ——.

저는 ——라고 합니다. I’m called ——. / People call me ——. 

제 나이는——살이에요. I’m ——years old.

저는 —–에서 왔어요.I come from (Your original country/ place name).

직업은 _____이에요/예요. My job is _____.

만나서 반가워요/ 반갑습니다. Nice to meet you.

 The actual word of my is 제 (JE) or 내 and 우리 means our, but you can use 우리 as my when referring to family members. People use 우리 엄마(my mom) more than 제 엄마 in Korea. 

           By adding 님 at the last part of a person’s title makes a different sense. If you add 님 after someone’s title it becomes more polite .조부모 and 조부모님 has the same meaning that is grandparents. But 조부모님 is a more polite, formal and honorific way. Let’s see the table below to know more about family words in Korean.

Korean family terms

       In Korean family words normally there are 2 words to address family members. Korean people use very polite way and casual way to speak about somebody in the family. The polite form of a mother is a 어머니 and casual name of the mother is 엄마.

           In Korea, there is no mothers day but instead, there is a parents day which is called 어버이날. Likewise, the polite(Formal) form of the father is 아버지 and informal form is 아빠. Majority of Korean uses 엄마 and 아빠 more than 어머니 and 아버지. using 엄마 and 아빠 doesn’t mean children are rude to their parents but it means children a lot closer to their parents so the formality has been dropped.

A: 가족이 몇 명이에요?/가족이 몇 명입니까 How many people are in your family?

B: 가족이 여섯 명이에요. There are six people in my family

  • 할아버지 hara buh ji Grandpa
  • 할머니 hal muh ni Grandmother
  • 아버지 abeoji father (polite)
  • 아버님 abeonim father(honorific)
  • 아빠 aappa dad (informal)
  • 어머니 eomeoni mother (polite)
  • 어머님 eomeoni mmother (honorific)
  • 엄마 umma mom (informal)
  • 남편 nampyeon husband
  • 아내 anae wife
  • 자식 jasik child
  • 딸 ttal daughter
  • 아들 adeul son
  • Siblings hyeongje chhame 형제 자매
  • 형제 hyeongje brother
  • 자매 chhame sisters
  • 언니 unni Older Sister (If the speaker is woman)
  • 누나 nuna Older Sister – (If the speaker is man)
  • 오빠 oppa Older Brother – (If the speaker is woman)
  • 형 hyung Older Brother – (If the speaker is man)
  • 동생 dong saeng Younger Sibling – (Regardless of speaker’s gender)
  • 남동생 namdongsaeng younger brother
  • 여동생 yeodongsaeng younger sister
  • 손자 sonja grandson
  • 손녀 sonnyeo granddaughter
  • 손주 sonju grandchild
  • 삼촌 samchon uncle
  • 사촌 sachon cousin
  • 여자 조카 yeoja joka niece
  • 남자 조카 namja joka nephew
  • 시아버지 shi abeoji father in law
  • 시어머니 shi uh muh ni Mother in law
  • 아주머니 ajumni Older Woman -(aunt) / Polite
  • 아줌마 ajummma Older Woman – ajumma (auntie) / Less Polite
  • 아저씨 ajussi Older Man – (Uncle)
  • 이모 imo maternal aunt, one’s mother’s sister
  • 남자친구 namjachingu Boyfriend
  • 여자친구 yeojachingu Girlfriend
  • 생신 sengsin birthday (honorific)
  • 생일 sengil birthday

FAQ on Korean Family terms

brother in korean language형제

nephew in korean조카 

Korean word for lover애인/연인

Husband in Korean language남편

daughter in Korean language

My family in Korean내 가족/우리 가족

mother and father in Korean – Mother = 엄마/어머니, Father = 아빠/아버지

Korean terms for friends  –  친구

Basic korean words
Basic korean-words

Korean Medical Terminology

Corona virus-related terminologies

  • 감염 Infection, Contamination
  • 음성 negative
  • 걱정 Worry
  • 검사관 an examining officer
  • 불안 Uneasiness, Anxiety, Uncertainty; Insecurity
  • 검사중 under examination
  • 확진 definite diagnosis
  • 검진 medical examination, physical checkup
  • 환자 Patient
  • 선별진료 selective care
  • 해당 be relevant, be applicable (to)
  • 확진 환자 confirmed cases (confirmed Patient)
  • 의심 Doubt
  • 사망 Death
  • 사망 광고 Death Notice
  • Suicide 자살
  • 예방 prevention
  • 현황 Present condition/ Situation
  • 해외 방문자 overseas visitors
  • 고민 Worry/ Trouble
  • 추이 Development, Progress
  • 집단 Group, Communal life
  • 사례 Case Example
  • 사례 연구 case study
  • 방역당국 quarantine authority
  • 방역 Quarantine, Disinfection
  • 소독 Disinfection
  • 소독약 Disinfectant
  • 소독기 Sterilizer
  • 살충 Killing Worms/ Insects
  • Fumigation 훈증, 훈증 소독, 향을 피움
  • 위생 Hygiene, Sanitation
  • 청결 Clean/ Cleanliness
  • 관리 Manage
  • 살충제 Insecticide/ Pesticide
  • 살균 Sterilization/ Sterilize
  • 소독제 disinfectant
  • 세정제 Detergent
  • 세제 Detergent, cleanser
  • 탈취제 Deodorant
  • 세정 Washing cleaning, cleansing
  • 이물질 Foreign substance
  • 방향제 Air freshener
  • 축산 Animal husbandry
  • 벌레 Insect Bug
  • 세균 Bacteria
  • Virus 바이러스
  • 세균 virus, germ, bacillus, bacteria
  • 멸균 Sterilization
  • 소속 belong to, be attached to
  • 외부 활동 external activity
  • 상담 Advice counsel
  • handwashing 손 씻기
  • 주의사항 Precautions, Matters that require attention
  • 마스크 작용 use mask
  • 음성 Voice
  • 증상감염 apparent infection
  • 감염 후 증상 symptom after infection
  • 양성 Train, Cultivate, Educate
  • 기침예절 cough etiquette/ manner
  • 준수 obey, follow
  • 증상 발생 symptom outbreak/ occurrence
  • 비상 Emergency
  • 응급실 Emergency room
  • 실제로 Actually, In reality
  • 방학 Vacation Holiday
  • 위험한 Dangerous, Risky
  • 아이 child, Kid
  • 어른 Adult Grownup, Elder
  • 상황 Situation
  • 발단 Begining, Root, Source
  • 한꺼번에 (all) at once, at the same time,all together
  • 혹시 By any chance, Just In case
  • 혹시나 By any chance
  • 혹시라도 By any chance
  • Perhaps 아마, 어쩌면
  • 인생 Life
  • 이유 Reason
  • 격상 promotion, elevation
  • 신종플루 Novel influenza
  • 호흡기 Respiratory organ/ system
  • 대응 Action, Respond to
  • 제한된 restricted, limited
  • 추적 Trace chase
  • 유학생 International student, Foreign student
  • 수칙 Rule, Regulation
  • 노인 Old man, Senior citizen
  • 임산부 Pregnant Woman
  • 진료 Treatment, Medical treatment
  • 자제 refrain from (doing), Control oneself
  • 설빙 Snow ice
  • 차단하는 Block Obstruct
  • 진단 검사 Diagnostic check
  • 경계하다 watch, look out, take precaution
  • 진단 Diagnosis
  • 주제 Subject, Topic
  • 경고 Warning
  • 심각 Serious, severe, critical
  • 정부 Government, Administration
  • 전수조사 complete enumeration/ Investigation
  • 한시적 Temporary
  • 유치원 Kindergarten, Preschool
  • 보건소 community health center
  • 교육부 Education Ministry
  • 학원 private educational institute
  • 의경 policeman drafted by the government
  • 격리 isolation
  • 발열량 caloric value
  • 기침 Cough
  • 전문 One’s speciality
  • 대부분 Mostly, Greatly
  • 긴급조치 an emergency measure
  • 긴급한 in case of emergency
  • 긴급 진단 Emergency diagnosis
  • 합류 Join, Meet
  • 제한된 restricted, limited
  • 감염병 infectious disease
  • 학습 study, learn
  • 기숙사 dormitory
  • 의료기관 a medical institution
  • 분야 Area, province
  • 구급대원 Ambulance worker
  • 구급차 Ambulance
  • 구급대 first aid pocket
  • 지역별 Region wise/ Particular region
  • 아무래도 anything, anywhere, anyhow, Whatever
  • 노약자 the old and the infirm
  • 공지 announcement, notice, Notify
  • 감염 Infection
  • 의료진 Medical team
  • 사례 Example, instance, case
  • 피해 harm damage
  • 피하다 Avoid, Escape
  • 피해자 Victim
  • 가해자 attacker, (formal) assailant
  • 범죄 crime, (criminal) offence, delinquency
  • 신천지 New world
  • 격리자 isolating requirement
  • 증가세 growing trend
  • 쓰러진다 Fall, collapse
  • 병실 Hospital room, Patient room
  • 선별 selection, sorting,
  • 확대 Expansion, Expand
  • 원인 cause
  • 판단 judgment, decision
  • 격상 promotion, elevation
  • 돌잔치 first-birthday party
  • 병무청 Military Manpower Administration
  • 처방 prescription
  • 선실 cabin
  • 승객 passenger
  • 발생 Occurrence, Outbreak
  • 추가 Extra, Additional
  • 여성 Girl, Woman
  • 판정 judgment, decision, adjudication
  • 대학 병원 University Hospital
  • 출입 access (to), enter
  • 조사 Investigation, Inquiry
  • 탑승 Board, check-in
  • 관련 Relation, Connection, Association
  • 증상 Symptom
  • 확산 Spread, diffusion
  • 성당 Catholic church
  • 인구 Population
  • 인간 Person, Human
  • 감축 Reduction, Reduce, cut down
  • 노선 Route, Line
  • 운행 Run
  • 항공기 Plane, Aircraft
  • 선박 Ship, vessel
  • 전국 Whole country, All parts of the country
  • 전일 The other day, a Few days ago
  • 대비 Contrast, comparison
  • 신종 코로나바이러스 감염증 Novel coronavirus infectious disease
  • 감염자Infectee
  • 확진자Confirmed case
  • 전파자 Transmitter
  • 감염 의심자 Suspected infectee
  • 무증상 Symptomless, symptom-free
  • 격리 조치Isolation Measure/ action
  • 자가격리Isolation at one’s house
  • 강제격리forced segregation
  • 잠복기 incubation[latent] period
  • 전파속도 transmission speed
  • 교차오염 Cross-contamination
  • 밤새 500명 추가 확진 500 more confirmed cases in one night
  • 가장 많은 확진자 the largest number of confirmed cases
  • 신규 확진자 a new confirmed case

Basic Korean words

Korean book for beginners 

korean vocab list

  • …고 싶어요. …go sipeoyo. I’d like to…(verb).
  • …부인 (n) …buin Mrs.
  • …씨 (n) …ssi Mr.
  • …을 원해요. …eul wonhaeyo. I’d like…
  • …이 되다 (v) …i doeda become
  • …할 수 있다 (v) …hal ssu itta can
  • (머리 위의) 짐칸 (meori wiui) jimkan overhead storage compartment
  • (키가) 작은 (kiga) jageun short
  • (키가) 큰 (kiga) keun tall
  • 가게 (n) gage store
  • 가격 (n) gagyeok price
  • 가구 (n) gagu furniture
  • 가까이에 (adj) gakkaie near
  • 가난한 (adj) gananan poor
  • 가는 세로줄 무늬의 (adj) ganeun serojul munuiui pin-striped
  • 가다 (v) gada go
  • 가려움 (n) garyeoum itch
  • 가르치다 (v) gareuchida teach
  • 가뭄 (n) gamum drought
  • 가방 (n) gabang bag
  • 가벼운 (adj) gabyeoun light
  • 가솔린 (n) gasollin gasoline
  • 가수 (n) gasu singer
  • 가스 (n) gaseu gas
  • 가스렌지 (n) gasseurenji stove
  • 가슴 (n) gaseum chest
  • 가오리 (n) gaori stingray
  • 가요 (n) gayo pop music
  • 가운뎃손가락 (n) gaundetsonggarak middle finger
  • 가위 (n) gawi scissors
  • 가을 (n) gaeul fall
  • 가이드 (n) gaideu guide
  • 가이드 (n) gaideu tour guide
  • 가정 요리 (n) gajeong yori home cooking
  • 가지 (n) gaji branch
  • 가지 (n) gaji eggplant
  • 각다귀 (n) gakttagwi gnat
  • 간식 (n) gansik snack
  • 간호사 (n) ganhosa nurse
  • 갈매기 (n) galmaegi seagull
  • 갈비뼈 (n) galbippyeo rib
  • 갈색 머리 galssaek meori brown hair
  • 갈색의 (adj) galssaegui brown
  • 갈아타다 (v) garatada transfer
  • 감기 (n) gamgi cold
  • 감기약 (n) gamgiyak cold medicine
  • 감다 (v) gamtta brush
  • 감독 (n) gamdok director
  • 감독 (n) gamdok manager
  • 감독하다 (v) gamdokhada supervise
  • 감소하다 (v) gamsohada decrease
  • 감자 (n) gamja potato
  • 값 (n) gap cost
  • 갓난아기 (n) gannanagi newborn baby
  • 강 (n) gang river
  • 강압적인 (adj) gangapjeogin overbearing
  • 강의 (n) gangui lecture
  • 강의를 참석하다 ganguireul chamseokhada attend a lecture
  • 강한 (adj) ganghan strong
  • 개 (n) gae dog
  • 개구리 (n) gaeguri frog
  • 개똥벌레 (n) gaettongbeolle firefly
  • 개미 (n) gaemi ant
  • 개미핥기 (n) gaemihalggi anteater
  • 개방적인 (adj) gaebangjeogin open
  • 개신교 (n) gaesingyo Protestantism
  • 개찰구 (n) gaechalgu ticket gate
  • 거래 (n) georae deal
  • 거리 (n) geori street
  • 거미 (n) geomi spider
  • 거북이 (n) geobugi turtle
  • 거실 (n) geosil living room
  • 거울 (n) geoul mirror
  • 거친 (adj) geochin coarse
  • 걱정하다 (v) geokjjeonghada worry
  • 걱정하지 마세요. geokjeonghaji maseyo. Don’t worry.
  • 건강한 (adj) geonganghan healthy
  • 건물 (n) geonmul building
  • 건설 노동자 (n) geonseol nodongja construction worker
  • 건전지 (n) geonjeonji battery
  • 검사하다 (v) geomsahada inspect
  • 검색 엔진 (n) geomsaek enjin search engine
  • 검역 (n) geomyeok quarantine
  • 검은 (adj) geomeun black
  • 검은 머리 geomeun meori black hair
  • 검지손가락 (n) geomjisonggarak index finger
  • 겁먹은 (adj) geommeogeun scared
  • 게 (n) ge crab
  • 게재하다 (v) gejaehada publish
  • 겨울 (n) gyeoul winter
  • 격납고 (n) gyeongnapggo hangar
  • 격자무늬의 (adj) gyeokjjamunuiui plaid
  • 견과 (n) gyeongwa nut
  • 결석하다 (v) gyeolsseokhada absent
  • 결정하다 (v) gyeoljeonghada decide
  • 결혼식 (n) gyeoronsik wedding
  • 결혼하다 (v) gyeoronhada marry
  • 경기 (n) gyeonggi game
  • 경기장 (n) gyeonggijang stadium
  • 경제 (n) gyeongje economy
  • 경제학 (n) gyeongjehak economics
  • 경찰 (n) gyeongchal police officer
  • 경찰 경찰(n) gyeongchal policeman
  • 경찰관 (n) gyeongchalgwan police officer
  • 경찰관 (n) gyeongchalgwan policeman
  • 경찰서 (n) gyeongchalsseo police station
  • 계란 (n) gyeran egg
  • 계산서 (n) gyesanseo bill
  • 계약 (n) gyeyak contract
  • 계획 (n) gyehoek plan
  • 계획하다 (v) gyehoekhada plan
  • 고가 도로 (n) goga doro overpass
  • 고구마 (n) goguma sweet potato
  • 고기 (n) gogi meat
  • 고등학교 (n) godeunghakkyo high school
  • 고래 (n) gorae whale
  • 고릴라 (n) gorilla gorilla
  • 고마워요. Gomawoeyo. Thank you!
  • 고마워요. Gomawoeyo. Thanks.
  • 고마워하다 (v) gomawoehada thank
  • 고무줄 (n) gomujul elastic band
  • 고속도로 (n) gosokddoro highway
  • 고양이 (n) goyangi cat
  • 고운 (adj) goun fine
  • 고추 (n) gochu chili pepper
  • 고층 건물 gocheung geonmul skyscraper
  • 고통스러운 (adj) gotongseureoun painful
  • 곤충 (n) gonchung bug
  • 골격 (n) golgyeok figure
  • 골격 (n) golgyeok frame
  • 골프 (n) golpeu golf
  • 곰 (n) gom bear
  • 공부하다 (v) gongbuhada study
  • 공연 (n) gongyeon performance
  • 공원 (n) gongwon park
  • 공유기 (n) gongyugi router
  • 공작 (n) gongjak peacock
  • 공장 (n) gongjang factory
  • 공장 노동자 gongjang nodongja factory worker
  • 공중 전화 (n) gongjung jeonhwa public phone
  • 공책 (n) gongchaek notebook
  • 공항 터미널 gonghang teomineol terminal
  • 공휴일 (n) gonghyuil holiday
  • 과일 (n) gwail fruit
  • 과일 주스 (n) gwail juseu fruit juice
  • 과학 (n) gwahak science
  • 관광 명소 (n) gwangwang myeongso tourist attraction
  • 관광 버스 (n) gwangwang beoseu tour bus
  • 관광객 (n) gwangwanggaek tourist
  • 관광업 (n) gwangwangeop tourism
  • 관광하다 (v) gwangwanghada go sightseeing
  • 관광하다 (v) gwangwanghada sightsee
  • 관리인 (n) gwalliin superintendent
  • 관목 (n) gwanmok bush
  • 관심 있어 하는 (adj) gwansim isseo haneun interested
  • 광장 (n) gwangjang square
  • 괜찮아요 gwaenchanayo You’re welcome.
  • 괜찮아요. Gwaenchanayo. It’s okay.
  • 교과서 (n) gyogwaseo textbook
  • 교대 근무 gyodae geunmu shift
  • 교수 (n) gyosu professor
  • 교실 (n) gyosil classroom
  • 교외 (n) gyooe suburb
  • 교육 (n) gyoyuk education
  • 교장 (n) gyojang principal
  • 교차로 (n) gyocharo crossroad
  • 교차로 (n) gyocharo intersection
  • 교통 정체 (n) gyotong jeongche traffic jam
  • 교환원 (n) gyohwanwon operator
  • 교활한 (adj) gyohwaran cunning
  • 교활한 (adj) gyohwaran sly
  • 교회 (n) gyohoe church
  • 구 (n) gu nine
  • 구경하다 (v) gugyeonghada go sightseeing
  • 구경하다 (v) gugyeonghada sightsee
  • 구름 (n) gureum cloud
  • 구명조끼 (n) gumyeongjokki life jacket
  • 구백 (n) gubaek nine hundred
  • 구백구십구 (n) gubaekgusipgu nine hundred nintey nine
  • 구십구 (n) Gusipgu ninety-nine
  • 구월 (n) guwol September
  • 구천 (n) gucheon nine thousand
  • 국자 (n) gukjja ladle
  • 국적 (n) gukjjeok nationality
  • 군도 (n) gundo archipelago
  • 군인 (n) gunin soldier
  • 굽다 (v) gupdda bake
  • 굽다 (v) gupdda roast
  • 궁전 (n) gungjeon palace
  • 권투 (n) gwontu boxing
  • 귀 (n) gwi ear
  • 귀걸이 (n) gwigeori earring
  • 귀뚜라미 (n) gwitturami cricket
  • 그램 (n) geuraem gram
  • 그릇 (n) geureut dish
  • 그릇 그릇(n) geureut bowl
  • 그리다 (v) geurida draw
  • 그릴에 굽다 geurire gupda grill
  • 그림 (n) geurim painting
  • 그저께 geujeokke day before yesterday
  • 극장 (n) geukjjang theater
  • 근육 (n) geunyuk muscle
  • 글자 (n) geuljja character
  • 글자 (n) geuljja letter
  • 금 (n) geum gold
  • 금발 머리 geumbal meori blonde hair
  • 금색의 (adj) geumsaegui gold
  • 금연 (n) geumyeon non-smoking
  • 금요일 (n) geumyoil Friday
  • 급여 (n) geubyeo salary
  • 급여 (n) geubyeo wage
  • 급행 열차 geupaeng yeolcha express train
  • 기계 (n) gigye machine
  • 기념일 (n) ginyeomil anniversary
  • 기다리게 해서 죄송해요 gidarige haeseo joesonghaeyo Sorry to keep you waiting.
  • 기다리다 (v) gidarida wait
  • 기대하는 (adj) gidaehaneun hopeful
  • 기름에 살짝 튀기다 gireume saljjak twigida saute
  • 기린 (n) girin giraffe
  • 기말 시험 (n) gimal siheom final
  • 기숙사 (n) gisukssa dormitory
  • 기억하다 (v) gieokhada remember
  • 기업인 (n) gieobin businessman
  • 기업체 (n) gieopche enterprise
  • 기입하다 (v) giipada fill out
  • 기차 (n) gicha train
  • 기차역 (n) gichayeok train station
  • 기침 (n) gichim cough
  • 기침약 (n) gichimyak cough syrup
  • 기침하다 (v) gichimhada cough
  • 기타 (n) gita guitar
  • 긴 (adj) gin long
  • 긴소매 (n) ginsomae long-sleeved
  • 길 (n) gil road
  • 깊은 (adj) gipeun deep
  • 까마귀 (n) kkamagwi crow
  • 깎다 (v) kkaktta cut
  • 깡통 따개 (n) kkangtong ttagae can opener
  • 깨끗한 (adj) kkaekkeutan clean
  • 꽃 (n) kkot flower
  • 꽃밭 (n) kkotbat flower garden
  • 꽉 조이는 kkwak joineun tight
  • 끄다 (v) kkeuda turn off
  • 끓는 물 kkeulleun mul boiling water
  • 끓다 (v) kkeultta boil
  • 끝내다 (v) kkeunnaeda finish

How to say aunt in Korean?

고모, 이모, (외)숙모

How to say uncle in Korean?

삼촌, 외삼촌, 고모부, 이모부

What is the Korean word of Brother?

형제 is a term that refer just brother.“hyung” (형) is big brother if you the speaker is male.“oppa” (오빠) is big brother if you the speaker is female. But 오빠 means crush also.“dongsaeng” (동생) means young brother.

What does Haraboji mean?

grand father/ grandpa is known as Haraboji (할아버지)

How to Say “Brother” in Korean?

If you want to say brother in Korean you would say형제 Houngjae that literally means sibling let’s say you are a male and you like to call your older brother you would say 형 Hyoung but if you’re a female and you want to address your older brother you would say 오빠 oppa, if you want to address your younger brother whether you are male or female you can say 남동생 Nam dong Seng and if you want to address your younger sister whether you are male or female you can say 여동생 yeo dong Seng. That’s how you would say brother in different ways in Korean.

What is the female version of oppa?

Female version of oppa is older sister in Korean language.
언니 Unnie in korean – older sister in Korean  (If the speaker is Female)누나  Nuna in korean – older sister in Korean  (If the speaker is Male)

Succeed With BASIC KOREAN WORDS In 24 Hours – Learn Korean

   In this lesson, you will learn Basic Korean words about Self-introduction in Korean, Korean family terms and Korean Medical terminologies.

Course Provider: Organization