Home vocabulary Basic Korean Vocabulary series- 3

Basic Korean Vocabulary series- 3

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Basic Korean Vocabulary series- 3

In this basic Korean vocabulary lesson, we are going to learn Korean colors, Korean weather, Korean season, and related vocabularies.

learn Korean colors

colors in korean language

         색 is a Sino Korean letter. In Korean, you should always attach colour at the last of a colour name just like 회색, 밤색. But if you are using colour as an adjective then its fine to just use the name of the colour for example- 파란 풀 is green grass,파란 가디건 is a blue cardigan, 파란 하늘 is a blue sky.파란 also mean trouble or turmoil in Korean.

korean colors list

색깔 이름Pronunciation영어Adjective
초록색 /녹색choroksaek/noksaekGreen초록색
노란색noransaekYellow노란
회색heysaekGray회색
하얀색heuinsaekWhite하얀
빨간색bbalgansaekRed빨간,빨강
금색geumsaekGold금색
은색unsaekSilver은색
갈색galsaekLight Brown갈색
검정색geomjeongsaekBlack까만
파란색paransaekBlue파란
보라색borasaekPurple보라색
주황색juhwangsaekOrange주황색
핑크색 / 분홍색bunhongsaekPink핑크색 / 분홍색
밤색BamsaekBrown밤색
하늘색HanulsekSky Blue

color in korean language

The red color is known by 빨간색 (ppal-kkan-saek),홍 (hong), 적 (jeok).

The yellow color is known by 노란색 (no-ran-saek), 황 (hwang) – yellow.

white color is known by 하얀색 (ha-yan-saek),백(baek) – white, 흰색 (hin-saek)

The black color is known by 검은색 (geo-meun-saek),흑 (heuk) – black,까만색 (kka-man-saek).

orange is 오렌지색 (o-ren-ji-saek),주황색 / 주황 (ju-hwang) – orange.

Grey in Korean is 회색 (hoe-saek) 회, (hoe) – grey.

Green in Korean – 녹색

Red in Korean – 빨간

Colors related Korean phrases

뭔 색? – which color?

Red car – 빨간 차

Urine color. – 오줌 색깔

소변 색깔이 진합니다.My urine is dark.

Cloth color combination – 옷 색깔 조합

그녀는 울어서 두 눈이 빨갷다. – Her eyes were red from crying.

She often wears red. – 그녀는 자주 빨간색 옷을 입는다.

What’s your favourite colour? – 네가 좋아하는 색은 뭐니?

하얀색 정말 잘 어울리십니다.The white color really suits you.

My favorite color is sky-blue. – 내가 가장 좋아하는 색은 하늘색이다.

Pink is her favourite colour. – 분홍색은 그녀가 제일 좋아하는 색깔이다

Weather in Korean

날씨 is the weather in English. Summer Weather is hot(더워요) and rainy (비가 와요). Temperature goes over 35 degrees in most parts of the country.

In the fall season if you go for trekking mountain paths are slippery and leaves color start to change (단풍). Fall and spring are normally dry.

In winter season the weather is cold (날씨가 추워요) & temperature goes negative (영하 = below zero).In winter most part of Korea has snowfall. December, January, and February are considered as the winter season in Korea with a lot of snowfall all over the country.

In spring season snow starts to melt and the temperature starts to get warmer. Flowers start to get blossom in the spring season.

Korean weather vocabulary

Now lets learn the list of korean words related to weather.

Air공기, 대기, 바람Khongi, faram
Celcius섭씨sapsi
Celcius degree 섭씨, 셀시우스도 selsiudu
Celsius thermometer 섭씨 온도계 sapsi wondogye
Fahrenheit 화씨의, 화씨 Hwasi
chilly 쌀쌀한, 추운 sal sal han
cloud 구름Khurum
cloudy 흐린 Hurin
cold 추운, 차가운 chhuwun, chhagiwun
cyclone 사이클론 saikhullon
typhoon 태풍 Thefung
Typhoon injury(damage) 태풍해 Thefung he
typhoon warning 태풍경보 Thefung khyangbo
typhoon forecast 태풍예보 Thefung yebo
Dew 이슬 Isul
Degree 도, 정도 do, changdo
Dry 마른, 건조한 Marun, khanjohan
Dry season 건기 khangi
flood 홍수 Hongsu
Korean weather vocabularies

Korean weather words (Verbs)

Weather-related Korean verbs

선풍기 – 끄다  to turn off

바람 – 불다  for the wind to blow

태양/해 – 지다  for the sun to set

태양/해 – 뜨다  for the sun to rise

눈/비 – 오다  for rain/snow to come

눈/비 – 내리다  for rain/snow to fall down

태양/해 – 뜨다  for the sun to rise

꽃이 – 피다  for a flower to bloom

에어컨 – 틀다  Process of turning on (an air conditioner, heater)

Basic Korean phrases – Weather in Korean

해나요 sunny.
더워요. It’s hot.
바람 불어요 windy
습해요 It is humid.
화창해요. It’s sunny.
흐려요. It’s cloudy
비가 와요. It’s rainy.
눈이 와요. It’s snowy.
춥지 않아요? Isn’t it cold?
안개가 꼈어요. It’s foggy.
덥지 않아요? Isn’t it hot?
하늘이 개었어요. The sky is clear.
오늘은 따뜻해요. It’s warm today.
오늘 날씨 어때요? How’s the weather today?
에어컨을 켤게요. I will turn the air conditioner on.
어떤 날씨가 좋아요? Which kind of weather do you like?
요즘 날씨 어때요?/ 날씨가 어때요? How is the weather these days?

season in Korean

Season in korean - Basic korean vocabulary

South Korea has a total of 4 seasons. Those four seasons are –

(겨울) = winter

(여름) = summer

(가을) = fall

(봄) = spring

Now lets learn season related Korean vocabularies

fog 안개 Ange
forecast 예측, 예보 yechhul, yebo
freeze 얼다; 얼리다 alda, allida
freezer 냉동고, 프리저 nengdonggo, Furizeo
frost 서리 seori
hail 묘사하다[일컫다] Myosi hada
heat 열기, 열, 온도, 더위 yalgi, yeol, wondo, Theowi
hot 더운[뜨거운] Theowun
humidity 습도,습기 supto, supgi
hurricane 허리케인 harikhein
ice 얼음 arum
Rain 비, 빗물 Fi, Fitmul
rainstorm 폭풍우, 호우 Fokfungi, howu
rainbow 무지개 mujige
rainy day 비 오는 날 fi wonun nal
rainy season 장마철, 우기 chhangmachhal
sky 하늘 hanul
snow 눈 nun
snowstorm warning 눈보라 경보 nunfora khyangbo
storm 폭풍 Fukfung
sun 해, 태양, 햇볕 He, theyang, hetpyath
sunny 화창한 Hwachhanghan
temperature 온도, 기온, 체온 wondo, kiwon, chhewon
thermometer 온도계; 체온계 wondogye, chhewongye
thunderstorm 뇌우 Noiwu
tsunami 쓰나미 sunami
warm 따뜻한, 따스한 tatuthan, tasuhan
wind 바람, 가스 Faram, khasu
windy 바람이 많이 부는 Farami mani funun
weather 날씨 Nalsi
season 계절 Khyejal
Spring 봄 Fom
Summer 여름 Yerum
fall, autumn 가을 Khawul
winter 겨울 Khyawul

장화 Rainboot
기온 temperature
기후변화 climate change
기후 climate
계절 Season
영상 above zero
영하 below zero
춥다 cold
덥다 hot
따뜻하다 warm
습하다 humid
건조하다 dry
쌀쌀하다 chilly
서늘하다 cool
맑다 clear
공기 air
바람 wind
눈바람 blizzard
이슬비 drizzle
폭염 heatwave
장마 rainy season
가뭄 drought
번개 lightning
천둥 thunder
태풍 typhoon
소나기 shower
하늘 sky
해 sun
구름 clouds
장마 rainy season
번개 lighting
천둥 thunder
흐려요 cloudy
무지개 rainbow
쌍무지개 double rainbow
안개 fog
우박 hail
비 rain
눈 snow
바다 ocean
해변 beach
우산 umbrella
비옷 rain jacket
내복 underwear
겉옷 outer clothes [like a jacket]
자외선 차단제 sunscreen
산불 forest fire
자외선 UV rays
난방 heating
냉방 air conditioning
에어컨 air conditioner
황사 yellow dust ( in the spring )
낙엽 fallen leaves in autumn
단풍 leaf color-changing process in autumn
일교차 the fluctuation of temperature within a day

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