How to learn basic Korean grammar series-1

Basic korean grammar list

Korean grammar

In this lesson, we are going to learn basic Korean grammars with example sentences. We have already learned 은 은 이 가 grammar in the previous lesson. If you want to be fluent in Korean, you need to learn all Korean grammars.

Korean grammar 을 를

we will learn how these particles are actually used in Korean sentences and how to make a sentence on and how to structure a sentence using these particles.

을 를 is an object particle. These particles are used many times in daily life. ‘을/를’ attaches after a noun.

Basic korean grammar list

When to use 을 를

when the word that comes before it ends with a consonant

when the word that comes before it ends with a vowel.

Examples
‘저는 밥을 먹어요.’ I have a meal.’
    Here ‘을’ is attached after the noun ‘밥 (meal). It shows that the object of the verb 먹어요 (have) is 밥 (meal).
Let’s look at another sentence.
‘저는 커피를 마셔요.’ I drink coffee.’
‘를’ is attached after the noun ‘커피 (coffee).’
It shows that the object of the verb 마셔요 (drink) is 커피 (coffee).
And, when you speak, you can omit ‘을/를.’
For example,
You could say ‘밥 먹어요’ instead of ‘밥을 먹어요.’
‘커피 마셔요.’ instead of ‘커피를 마셔요.’
Both are fine.
When do we use ‘을/를’? Let’s find out.
‘저는 밥을 먹어요.’ I have a meal.
When the noun has the final consonant, like ‘밥,’ ‘을’ is used.
So it becomes ‘밥을.’
On the other hand, ‘저는 커피를 마셔요.’ (I drink coffee.)
When the noun does not have the final consonant, like ‘커피,’ ‘를’ is used.
So, it becomes ‘커피를.’
The basic sentence structure for this particle is Noun 을/를 AV
Example of 을/ 를
1. 빵을 먹어요. I eat bread.
      Here 빵 has a final consonant “ㅇ”. So according to the rule that mentioned above we have to use 을.
2. 기타를 치다
     Here 기타 has a vowel “ㅏ” at ending so we have to use 를 particle.
To fully understand the use of these particles you must have knowledge of Korean nouns.

을 를 차이

Let’s find out which one should we use either ‘을’ or ‘를.’
‘책 (book).’
The first word is ‘책 (book).’
Does ‘책’ have the final consonant? Or not?
책 has the final consonant.
So, ‘을’ is attached, and it becomes ‘책을.’
운동 (exercise)
Does ‘동’ have the final consonant? Or not?
It has the final consonant.
What do we use after that?
‘을’ is used. So it becomes ‘운동을.’
영화 (film, movie)
Does ‘영화’ have the final consonant? Or not?
It does not have the final consonant.
So ‘를’ is attached, and it becomes ‘영화를.’
한국어 (Korean)
Does ‘어’ have the final consonant? Or not?
It does not have the final consonant.
What do we use after that?
‘를’ is used. So, it becomes ‘한국어를.’
‘노래 (a song)’
Does 노래 have the final consonant.’ Or not?
It does not have the final consonant.
So, ‘를’ is used. ‘노래를.’
‘진우는 노래를 불러요.’ Jinu is singing a song.
‘저는 한국어…..? 배워요.’ I, Korean, learn
What should be in the blank?
‘한국어’
‘를 배워요’
‘한국어 (Korean)’ does not have the final consonant. So ‘를’ is used.
‘저는 한국어를 배워요.’ I learn Korean.
When the noun has the final consonant, ‘을’ is used.
They become ‘밥을, 책을, 운동을.’
On the other hand, when the noun does not have the final consonant, ‘를’ is used.
So, they become ‘커피를, 영화를, 한국어를.’

을 를 sentence

1. 좋은 도구를 사용하라. Use better tools.
2. 오빠가 동생에게 밥을 먹였다. Big Brother fed rice to his small brother.
3. 어머니가 딸에게 유산을 남겼다. Mother left a legacy to her daughter.
4. 무엇을 마셔요?” What are you drinking?
5. “커피를 마셔요.” I’m drinking coffee.
6. “밥을 먹어요.” I have a meal.
7. 여자는 치킨을 좋아해. The girl likes chicken.

Korean grammar 을/를 sum up

        Today, we’ve learned ‘noun-을/를’.  ‘을/를’ is the object particle. ‘을/를’ is attached after a noun. It indicates that the preceding noun is the object of the verb. ‘을/를’ indicates the object.
        When the noun has the final consonant, ‘을’ is used. When the noun does not have the final consonant, ‘를’ is used.
         As example sentences, we’ve looked at ‘저는 밥을 먹어요 (I have a meal.)
‘저는 커피를 마셔요.’ (I drink coffee.)