Home grammar V-아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 korean grammar lesson

V-아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 korean grammar lesson

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V-아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 korean grammar lesson
V 아야겠다어야겠다해야겠다 grammar

The grammar we will learn today is V아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다. V + 아/어/야겠다 is used when you share your own personal thought or when you think something is advisable. The sentence often ends with 다 for example- 가야겠다, 해야겠다.

‘아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다’ attaches after a verb stem. It is used to indicate a strong will for the action mentioned in the preceding statement, or to guess that doing the act may be necessary.

아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 conjugation

Now let’s look at the V-아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 conjugation information.

아야겠다 grammar

When the vowel before ‘다’ is ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’, ‘-아야겠다’ is used. For example-

앉다
when you look at the verb 앉다, remove ‘다’. The vowel before ‘다’ is ‘ㅏ’. Then ‘-아야겠다’ is used after that. So you can say ‘앉아야겠다’.

보다
First, remove ‘다’. The vowel before ‘다’ is ‘ㅗ’. Then ‘-아야겠다’ is used. So you can say ‘봐야겠다’.

어야겠다 grammar

On the other hand, when the vowel before ‘다’ is other vowels other than ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ’, then ‘-어야겠다’ is used after that. For example-

먹다
Remove ‘다’. The vowel before ‘다’ is ‘ㅓ,’ Then ‘-어야겠다’ is used after that. So you can say ‘먹어야겠다’.

읽다
Remove ‘다’. The vowel before ‘다’ is ‘ㅣ’. Then ‘-어야겠다’ is used after that. So you can say ‘읽어야겠다’.

해야겠다 grammar

Finally, when a verb ends in ‘하다’, change ‘하다’ to ‘해야겠다.’ ‘해야겠다’ is a combination of the verb ‘하다’ and ‘-여야겠다.’ For example-

공부하다
It ends with ‘하다’. Then remove ‘하다’, and use ‘해야겠다.’ So you can say ‘공부해야겠다’.

운동하다
When you look at the verb 운동하다’, it ends with ‘하다’. Then remove ‘하다’, and use ‘해야겠다.’ So you can say ‘운동해야겠다’.

아/어/야겠다 Example

Let’s find out today’s grammar from some conversations.

conversation no- 1

A= 어제 야근했어요? 피곤해 보여요. Did you work overtime yesterday? You look tired.
B = 네, 어제 늦게까지 일해서 좀 피곤하네요. Yes, I’m a little tired because I worked late last night.
A= 안색이 안 좋은데 오늘은 집에 가서 쉬는게 어때요? You don’t look good. Why don’t you go home and rest today?

B= 그러게요. 아무래도 집에 가서 쉬어야겠어요. You’re right. I think I should go home and rest.

‘쉬어야겠어요’ is the combination of the verb ‘쉬다’ and ‘-어야겠다’.

conversation no- 2

Minjo caught a cold. But she is not getting better. So she thinks that I will definitely go to the hospital. (병원에 꼭 갈 거예요.)
‘병원에 가야겠어요.’ ‘I should go to the hospital.’

민조 씨, 감기에 걸렸어요? 기침을 많이 하네요. Minjo, have you caught a cold? You cough a lot.

민조= 네, 약을 먹었는데도 안 낫네요. Yes, I took medicine but I’m not getting better. 아무래도 병원에 가야겠어요. I think I should go to the hospital.

그러게요. 더 나빠지기 전에 병원에 꼭 가 보세요. You’re right. Be sure to go to the hospital before it gets worse.

conversation no- 3

감기에 걸린 것 같아요. 약을 먹어야겠어요. I think I have a cold. I need to take some medicine.
Here, ‘먹어야겠어요’ is a combination of the verb ‘먹다’ and ‘어야겠다.’

The speaker has a fever. He/She thinks he/she has a cold. So he/she thinks ‘I will definitely take some medicine. (약을 꼭 먹을 거예요.)’
‘약을 먹어야겠어요. I need to take some medicine.’
You can use ‘어야겠다’ after the verb ‘먹다’ and say. ‘먹어야겠어요.’
‘어야겠다’ is used to indicate a strong will for the action mentioned in the preceding statement, or to guess that doing the act may be necessary.

감기에 걸린 것 같아요. 약을 먹어야겠어요. I think I have a cold. I need to take some medicine.

약을 먹었는데 감기가 안 나아요.아무래도 병원에 가야겠어요. I took medicine, but I can’t get over my cold. I think I should go to the hospital.
Here, ‘가야겠어요’ is a combination of the verb ‘가다’ and ‘아야겠다.’

You can use ‘아야겠다’ after the verb ‘가다’ and ‘아야겠다’ is used to indicate a strong will for the activities mentioned in the preceding statement, or to guess that doing the act may be necessary.

아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 practice

How would you say it? Make a sentence using the words below-

12시가 넘었어요. 이제, 자다. It’s past 12 o’clock. I need to sleep now.
= 12시가 넘었어요. 이제 자야겠어요.
‘자야겠어요’ is the combination of the verb ‘자다’ and ‘-아야겠다’.

방이 엉망이에요. 주말에는 방을, 청소하다. The room is a mess. I have to clean my room on the weekend.
= 방이 엉망이에요. 주말에는 방을 청소해야겠어요.
‘청소해야겠어요’는’ is the combination of the verb ‘청소하다’ and ‘해야겠다.’

건강이 안 좋아졌어요. 담배를, 끊다. My health got worse. I need to quit smoking.
=건강이 안 좋아졌어요. 담배를 끊어야겠어요.
‘끊어야겠어요’ is the combination of the verb ‘끊다’ and ‘-어야겠다’.

아야겠다/어야겠다/해야겠다 Summary

If the vowel in front of ‘다’ is ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ,’ ‘-아야겠다’ is used. So ‘앉다’ becomes ‘앉아야겠다’.

On the other hand, when a vowel in verb stem’ is ‘other vowels’ other than ‘ㅏ’ or ‘ㅗ,’ ‘-어야겠다’ is used. So ‘먹다’ becomes ‘먹어야겠다’.

Finally, when a verb ends in ‘하다’, change ‘하다’ to ‘해야겠다.’ So ‘공부하다’ becomes ‘공부해야겠다’.

아야겠다어야겠다해야겠다 grammar
V 아야겠다어야겠다해야겠다 grammar

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