Top 10 tips to learn 에서 까지 grammar

Basic korean grammar list

에서 까지 grammar lesson

         Today, we’re going to learn Korean grammar ‘Noun에서 Noun까지’. 에서 means from and 까지 means to. 에서 normally used for place and 까지 is used for both time and place. Let’s take a look in a short conversation and find out how today’s grammar.

Minjo wonders how Naeuna goes to school from home. So she asks: “나으나 씨는 집에서 학교까지 어떻게 가요?” How do you get to school from your place?

Naeuna replies: “보통 걸어서 가요.” I normally walk. “집에서 학교까지 가까워요.” It is close to school from my place. It is close to school from her place. So Naeuna walks to school from her place.

        Here in this conversation, we learned today’s grammar ‘집에서 학교까지’ (from my place to school). Let’s look at the expression ‘noun 에서 noun 까지’ which tells the starting point and the destination.

에서’ and ‘까지’ attach after the nouns.

When ‘에서’ and ‘까지’ are used together. They are used with place nouns such as ‘house, school, and company.’ In this case, ‘에서’ indicates the starting point, ‘까지’ indicate the destination (or the ending point) (It is corresponded to ‘from~to~’ in English.)

 

에서 까지 grammar example

Let’s look at some example sentences.

‘집에서 학교까지 걸어서 가요.’ I walk to school from my place.

The place noun ‘집 (my place, home) is followed by ‘에서 and the place noun ‘학교 (school) is followed by ‘까지’. It indicates that ‘집 (my place, home)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point, ‘학교 (school) which is located before ‘까지’ is the destination.

‘집에서 학교까지 걸어서 가요.’ I walk to school from my place.

 

Let’s look at another sentence.

‘학교에서 집까지 가까워요.’ It is close to my place from school.

The place noun ‘학교 (school) is followed by ‘에서, and the place noun ‘집 (my place, home) is followed by ‘까지’.

It indicates that ‘학교 (school)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point, ‘집 (my place, home) which is located before ‘까지’ is the destination.

‘학교에서 집까지 가까워요.’ It is close to my place from school.

Whether the noun has the final consonant or not ‘에서’ is used. In both cases, ‘에서’ is used.

The similar happened to  ‘까지’ also. Whether the noun has the final consonant or not ‘까지’ is used. In both cases, ‘까지’ is used.

에서 까지 grammar practice

  So far, we’ve learned the usage and the combination information of ‘에서, 까지. Now let’s practice by looking at more example sentences.

 

‘서울, 부산, 기차를 타고 가요’ Seoul, Busan, I take the train

How would you say it?

서울에서 From Seoul 부산까지 기차를 타고 가요. to Busan I take the train.

It indicates that ‘서울 (Seoul)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point, ‘부산 (Busan)’ which is placed before ‘까지’ is the destination.

‘서울에서 부산까지 기차를 타고 가요.’ I take the train from Seoul to Busan.

 

‘공항, 서울역, 버스를 타고 오세요.’ ‘airport, Seoul station, please take the bus

How would you say it?

공항에서 From the airport

서울역까지 버스를 타고 오세요. to Seoul station, please take the bus.

It indicates that ‘공항 (the airport)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point,

‘서울역 (Seoul station)’ which is placed before ‘까지’ is the destination.

‘공항에서 서울역까지 버스를 타고 오세요.’ Please take the bus from the airport to Seoul station.

 

‘회사, 집, 가까워요.’ Work, my place, it is close.

How would you say it?

회사에서 From work

집까지 가까워요. to my place, it is close

It indicates that ‘회사 (work, office)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point,

‘집 (my place, home)’ which is placed before ‘까지’ is the destination

‘회사에서 집까지 가까워요.’ It is close to my place from work.

 

Korean grammar conversation

Let’s look at a short conversation.

Naeuna wants to visit Jeju Island. But she does not know how to get there. So she asks Minjo; “서울에서 제주도까지 어떻게 가요?” How do I get to Jeju Island from Seoul?

Minjo replies: “비행기를 타고 가요.” You can take a plane.

Naeuna asks again; “그럼 시간이 얼마나 걸려요?” Then, how long does it take?

Minjo replies: “서울에서 제주도까지 1시간 정도 걸려요.” It takes about an hour from Seoul to Jeju Island.

It takes about an hour by plane from Seoul to Jeju Island.

Here ‘서울에서 제주도까지 (from Seoul to Jeju Island)’ is the grammar what we’ve learned

It indicates that ‘서울 (Seoul)’ which is placed before ‘에서’ is the starting point, ‘제주도 (Jeju Island)’ which is placed before ‘까지’ is the destination.

 

에서 까지 grammar Summary

In summary, whether there is a final consonant or not ‘에서’ is used

So, 집 becomes ‘집에서,’ 학교 becomes ‘학교에서.’

 

Likewise, in the case of ‘까지,

whether there is a final consonant or not ‘까지’ is used.

So, 집 becomes ‘집까지,’ 학교 becomes ‘학교까지.’