Today, we’re going to learn the verb/ Adjective. 습니다-ㅂ니다 attaches after the verb or adjective ending and it is used in formal situations. 습니다 / ㅂ니다 shows politeness while speaking. ㅂ니다/ 습니다 has question form also which is ㅂ니까 / 습니까.
Let’s start today’s grammar with an example. The news host asks a question: How is the weather today? 오늘의 날씨는 어떻습니까?
weather forecaster replies: Today is sunny and hot. 오늘은 날씨가 맑고 덥습니다.
How to use 습니다-ㅂ니다?
- When We speak with new people.
- When we speak with a people who are older than us.
- When we speak with a person who has a higher social status. ( Like political leaders, Teachers, Doctors, Engineers, Teachers etc.)
- Newsreaders uses this while reading the News.
- TV program anchors and Radio jockeys also use this word.
- While making questions we use 습니까? And ㅂ니까? Which is another form of 습니다/ ㅂ니다.
- When we to politely we have to use 습니다/ ㅂ니다. 예의를 갖춰서 이야기할 때 사용합니다
After removing 다(which is the ending letter of a basic verb or basic adjective.) we have to add 습니다 or ㅂ니다. For example-
덥다 + (습니다/ㅂ니다) = 덥습니다
마시다 + (습니다/ㅂ니다) = 마십니다
만들다 + (습니다/ㅂ니다) = 만듭니다
아요/어요, 습니다-ㅂ니다 Video
습니다-ㅂ니다 grammar rule
when the verb or adjective stem has the final consonant, ‘습니다’ is used. (어간 이나 어미의 받침이 있으면 습니 다 를 사용해요). So, ‘읽다’ becomes ‘읽습니다’ and 먹다 becomes 먹습니다.
After removing 다 from 읽다, the final consonant is ㄱ. so 습니다 is used. Likewise, after removing 다 from 먹다, the final consonant is ㄱ. So we have to use 습니다.
when the verb or adjective stem has no final consonant, ‘ㅂ니다’ is used. 반대로 어간 이나 어미의 받침이 없으면 ㅂ니다 를 사용해요. For example 가다(GO) 오다(COME) 자다(SLEEP). All 3 verbs have no final consonants after removing the ending 다. So we have to use ㅂ니다.
가다 become 갑니다.
오다 becomes 옵니다.
when the verb stem has final consonant ‘ㄹ,’ ‘ㅂ니다’ is used. This is because of ㄹ irregular verb. Let’s see an example of this also –
만들다 means To make. After removing 다 from 만들다 there is a final consonant ㄹ so according to rule if there is a final consonant we have to use 습니다. When ㄹ and ㅅ combine both disappear(See ㄹ 불규칙 ). After the disappearance of ㄹ only 만드 remains which has no final consonant so we have to add ㅂ니다.
만들다 becomes 만듭니다.
The easiest way to remember final consonant ㄹ is that first, we have to remove 다 and then ㄹ and add ㅂ니다 after the base verb.
밀다 – Remove 다 and ㄹ. 미 remains now add ㅂ니다 finally it becomes 밉니다.
Let’s practice with some example words. 이제 연습 한번 해볼게요. The first word is 덥다(Hot). 연습 첫 번째 단어 덥다 입니다.
Remove 다. Now, ㅂ is a final consonant. So we have to add 습니다 The result is 덥습니다.
쁘 does not have a final consonant 받침.
So we have to add ㅂ니다 now it becomes 예쁩니다.
힘들다 Hard, tough
힘들다 has ㄹ final consonant 받침.
Now remove 다 and ㄹ. Now add ㅂ니다 it becomes 힘듭니다.
Now let’s practice with past tense verbs. 이번에는 과거형 연습 합시다.
After removing 다, the final consonant is ㅆ so we have to add 습니다. Now it becomes 먹었습니다. 뒤에 습니 다 를 붙여서 먹었습니다 가 돼요.
Similarly, after removing 다, the final consonant is ㅆ so we have to add 습니다. Now it becomes 살았습니다. 뒤에 습니 다 를 붙여서 살았습니다 가 돼요.
Let’s see some examples (예문) of today’s grammar from a conversation.
Doctor asks the patient. 의사가 환자에게 질문합니다:
Do you do exercise daily? 매일 운동을 합니까
The patient replies 환자가 대답해요: No, I don’t do. 아니요 안 합니다.
This time presenter/speaker asks. 이번에는 발표자가 마지막으로 이야기합니다:
All presentations are over Do you have any questions? 모든 발표가 끝났습니다 혹시 질문이 있습니까?
While making question we use 습니까 / ㅂ니까 which is a form of 습니다 / ㅂ니다. (질문을 할 때는 습니까 / ㅂ니까 로 질문해요).
This grammar is used in formal situations and it shows politeness. 습니다 / ㅂ니다 is used after a verb or adjective stem.
If there is a final consonant on the verb stem 습니다 is used.
먹다 becomes 먹습니다.
If there is no final consonant on verb stem ㅂ니다 is used.
가다 becomes 갑니다
If the final consonant on verb stem is ’ㄹ’ – ㅂ니다 is used.
만들다 becomes 만듭니다